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Design and preliminary validation of the verbal skill scale in the dental setting: an anxiety scale for children.
Pediatr Dent. 2013 Mar-Apr; 35(2):E43-8.PD

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to design and examine the validity of a scale that uses the verbal performance of children as an indicator of dental anxiety.

METHODS

A total of 128 healthy 4- to 6-year-olds were included. The first sessions consisted of a dental examination; in the second session, identical dental treatment was provided to all subjects. In each session, a short communication was done for verbal assessment. During treatment, Frankl and clinical anxiety rating scales were utilized to assess the child's anxiety. Construct validity was assessed using Spearman's correlation coefficient; a factor analysis, concurrent validity, and inter-rater reliability were determined by kappa agreement statistics. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the difference between sexes.

RESULTS

The agreement between the raters was high and significant (k=0.71, P<.001). Intraclass correlation coefficient of 50 same children (28 boys and 22 girls) across a 2-week period showed a strong correlation (correlation=0.8, P<.001). Spearman's correlation coefficient revealed a high and significant correlation between the measures (P<.001). The kappa values ranged from 0.58 to 0.67, suggesting moderate to good agreement between measures.

CONCLUSIONS

The verbal skill scale is a reliable and valid measure of assessing child dental anxiety in a clinical context.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. aslaminabadi@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23635969

Citation

Aminabadi, Naser Asl, et al. "Design and Preliminary Validation of the Verbal Skill Scale in the Dental Setting: an Anxiety Scale for Children." Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 35, no. 2, 2013, pp. E43-8.
Aminabadi NA, Sohrabi A, Oskouei SG, et al. Design and preliminary validation of the verbal skill scale in the dental setting: an anxiety scale for children. Pediatr Dent. 2013;35(2):E43-8.
Aminabadi, N. A., Sohrabi, A., Oskouei, S. G., Aghaee, S., Jamali, Z., & Ghojazadeh, M. (2013). Design and preliminary validation of the verbal skill scale in the dental setting: an anxiety scale for children. Pediatric Dentistry, 35(2), E43-8.
Aminabadi NA, et al. Design and Preliminary Validation of the Verbal Skill Scale in the Dental Setting: an Anxiety Scale for Children. Pediatr Dent. 2013 Mar-Apr;35(2):E43-8. PubMed PMID: 23635969.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Design and preliminary validation of the verbal skill scale in the dental setting: an anxiety scale for children. AU - Aminabadi,Naser Asl, AU - Sohrabi,Azin, AU - Oskouei,Sina Ghertasi, AU - Aghaee,Saba, AU - Jamali,Zahra, AU - Ghojazadeh,Morteza, PY - 2013/5/3/entrez PY - 2013/5/3/pubmed PY - 2013/11/6/medline SP - E43 EP - 8 JF - Pediatric dentistry JO - Pediatr Dent VL - 35 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to design and examine the validity of a scale that uses the verbal performance of children as an indicator of dental anxiety. METHODS: A total of 128 healthy 4- to 6-year-olds were included. The first sessions consisted of a dental examination; in the second session, identical dental treatment was provided to all subjects. In each session, a short communication was done for verbal assessment. During treatment, Frankl and clinical anxiety rating scales were utilized to assess the child's anxiety. Construct validity was assessed using Spearman's correlation coefficient; a factor analysis, concurrent validity, and inter-rater reliability were determined by kappa agreement statistics. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the difference between sexes. RESULTS: The agreement between the raters was high and significant (k=0.71, P<.001). Intraclass correlation coefficient of 50 same children (28 boys and 22 girls) across a 2-week period showed a strong correlation (correlation=0.8, P<.001). Spearman's correlation coefficient revealed a high and significant correlation between the measures (P<.001). The kappa values ranged from 0.58 to 0.67, suggesting moderate to good agreement between measures. CONCLUSIONS: The verbal skill scale is a reliable and valid measure of assessing child dental anxiety in a clinical context. SN - 1942-5473 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23635969/Design_and_preliminary_validation_of_the_verbal_skill_scale_in_the_dental_setting:_an_anxiety_scale_for_children_ L2 - https://www.ingentaconnect.com/openurl?genre=article&amp;issn=1942-5473&amp;volume=35&amp;issue=2&amp;spage=E43&amp;aulast=Aminabadi DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -