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Functional and anatomical results after a single intravitreal Ozurdex injection in retinal vein occlusion: a 6-month follow-up -- the SOLO study.
Acta Ophthalmol. 2013 Aug; 91(5):e340-7.AO

Abstract

PURPOSE

To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal dexamethasone implants in eyes with cystoid macular oedema (CME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in the clinical everyday practice, examine the effects of early retreatment and compare the results with the GENEVA study.

METHODS

The charts of 102 patients (102 eyes) with CME secondary to BRVO (n = 54) or CRVO (n = 48) treated with Ozurdex at 8 centres were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were examined monthly over a 24-week period. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy, measurement of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and measurement of the central retinal thickness (CRT) with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) were performed at baseline and at every follow-up examination. With progression of the disease (loss of one line or increased central retinal thickness (CRT) of 150 μm), a reinjection of Ozurdex or anti-VEGF was offered. Additional supplementing sectorial or panretinal laser photocoagulation was considered based on the individual status of the retina.

RESULTS

In the BRVO group, the median BCVA was 0.6 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.25) at baseline and improved to 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 4 weeks, 0.3 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.50) after 8 weeks, 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 12 weeks, 0.5 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.32) after 16 weeks, 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 20 weeks and 0.45 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.35) after 24 weeks. The mean CRT was 559 ± (SD) 209 μm at baseline and it decreased to 335 ± 148 μm after 4 weeks, 316 ± 137 μm after 8 weeks, 369 ± 126 μm after 12 weeks, 407 ± 161 μm after 16 weeks, 399 ± 191 μm after 20 weeks and 419 ± 196 μm after 24 weeks. In the CRVO group, the median BCVA was 0.7 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.20) at baseline and improved to 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 4 weeks, 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 8 weeks, 0.6 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.25) after 12 weeks, 0.6 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.25) after 16 weeks, 0.5 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.32) after 20 weeks and 0.52 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.30) after 24 weeks. The mean CRT at baseline was 740 ± 351 μm and it decreased to 419 ± 315 μm after 4 weeks, 352 ± 261 μm after 8 weeks, 455 ± 251 μm after 12 weeks, 497 ± 280 μm after 16 weeks, 468 ± 301 μm after 20 weeks and 395 ± 234 μm after 24 weeks. The BCVA improvement was statistically significantly better (p < 0.05) compared with baseline in both groups at every follow-up visit. The mean CRT maintained significantly better when compared with baseline in both groups at all follow-up visits. Early reinjection was indicated in BRVO in 40.7% after 17.5 ± 4.2 weeks and in CRVO in 50% after 17.68 ± 4.2. Six eyes (11%) with BRVO received a sectorial laser photocoagulation at a mean interval of 22 ± 5.0 weeks. Seven eyes (15%) with CRVO received a panretinal laser photocoagulation after a mean interval of 18 ± 7.0 weeks. The BCVA improvement and the mean CRT reduction were statistically significant (p < 0.05) compared with baseline in both groups at every follow-up visit.

CONCLUSIONS

Dexamethasone intravitreal implant resulted in a significant improvement of the BCVA and reduction of CME in patients with BRVO or CRVO. Early retreatment after 16 weeks instead of 24 weeks, like in the GENEVA study, was indicated in 50% to stabilize the improved functional and anatomical results.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23638803

Citation

Bezatis, Athanasios, et al. "Functional and Anatomical Results After a Single Intravitreal Ozurdex Injection in Retinal Vein Occlusion: a 6-month Follow-up -- the SOLO Study." Acta Ophthalmologica, vol. 91, no. 5, 2013, pp. e340-7.
Bezatis A, Spital G, Höhn F, et al. Functional and anatomical results after a single intravitreal Ozurdex injection in retinal vein occlusion: a 6-month follow-up -- the SOLO study. Acta Ophthalmol. 2013;91(5):e340-7.
Bezatis, A., Spital, G., Höhn, F., Maier, M., Clemens, C. R., Wachtlin, J., Lehmann, F., Hattenbach, L. O., Feltgen, N., & Meyer, C. H. (2013). Functional and anatomical results after a single intravitreal Ozurdex injection in retinal vein occlusion: a 6-month follow-up -- the SOLO study. Acta Ophthalmologica, 91(5), e340-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.12020
Bezatis A, et al. Functional and Anatomical Results After a Single Intravitreal Ozurdex Injection in Retinal Vein Occlusion: a 6-month Follow-up -- the SOLO Study. Acta Ophthalmol. 2013;91(5):e340-7. PubMed PMID: 23638803.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Functional and anatomical results after a single intravitreal Ozurdex injection in retinal vein occlusion: a 6-month follow-up -- the SOLO study. AU - Bezatis,Athanasios, AU - Spital,Georg, AU - Höhn,Fabian, AU - Maier,Mathias, AU - Clemens,Christoph R, AU - Wachtlin,Joachim, AU - Lehmann,Florian, AU - Hattenbach,Lars Olof, AU - Feltgen,Nicolas, AU - Meyer,Carsten H, Y1 - 2013/05/03/ PY - 2013/5/4/entrez PY - 2013/5/4/pubmed PY - 2013/10/18/medline KW - Ozurdex KW - branch retinal vein occlusion KW - central retinal vein occlusion KW - dexamethasone KW - intravitreal injection KW - slow-release drug SP - e340 EP - 7 JF - Acta ophthalmologica JO - Acta Ophthalmol VL - 91 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal dexamethasone implants in eyes with cystoid macular oedema (CME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in the clinical everyday practice, examine the effects of early retreatment and compare the results with the GENEVA study. METHODS: The charts of 102 patients (102 eyes) with CME secondary to BRVO (n = 54) or CRVO (n = 48) treated with Ozurdex at 8 centres were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were examined monthly over a 24-week period. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy, measurement of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and measurement of the central retinal thickness (CRT) with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) were performed at baseline and at every follow-up examination. With progression of the disease (loss of one line or increased central retinal thickness (CRT) of 150 μm), a reinjection of Ozurdex or anti-VEGF was offered. Additional supplementing sectorial or panretinal laser photocoagulation was considered based on the individual status of the retina. RESULTS: In the BRVO group, the median BCVA was 0.6 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.25) at baseline and improved to 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 4 weeks, 0.3 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.50) after 8 weeks, 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 12 weeks, 0.5 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.32) after 16 weeks, 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 20 weeks and 0.45 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.35) after 24 weeks. The mean CRT was 559 ± (SD) 209 μm at baseline and it decreased to 335 ± 148 μm after 4 weeks, 316 ± 137 μm after 8 weeks, 369 ± 126 μm after 12 weeks, 407 ± 161 μm after 16 weeks, 399 ± 191 μm after 20 weeks and 419 ± 196 μm after 24 weeks. In the CRVO group, the median BCVA was 0.7 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.20) at baseline and improved to 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 4 weeks, 0.4 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.40) after 8 weeks, 0.6 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.25) after 12 weeks, 0.6 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.25) after 16 weeks, 0.5 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.32) after 20 weeks and 0.52 logMAR (Snellen equivalent of 0.30) after 24 weeks. The mean CRT at baseline was 740 ± 351 μm and it decreased to 419 ± 315 μm after 4 weeks, 352 ± 261 μm after 8 weeks, 455 ± 251 μm after 12 weeks, 497 ± 280 μm after 16 weeks, 468 ± 301 μm after 20 weeks and 395 ± 234 μm after 24 weeks. The BCVA improvement was statistically significantly better (p < 0.05) compared with baseline in both groups at every follow-up visit. The mean CRT maintained significantly better when compared with baseline in both groups at all follow-up visits. Early reinjection was indicated in BRVO in 40.7% after 17.5 ± 4.2 weeks and in CRVO in 50% after 17.68 ± 4.2. Six eyes (11%) with BRVO received a sectorial laser photocoagulation at a mean interval of 22 ± 5.0 weeks. Seven eyes (15%) with CRVO received a panretinal laser photocoagulation after a mean interval of 18 ± 7.0 weeks. The BCVA improvement and the mean CRT reduction were statistically significant (p < 0.05) compared with baseline in both groups at every follow-up visit. CONCLUSIONS: Dexamethasone intravitreal implant resulted in a significant improvement of the BCVA and reduction of CME in patients with BRVO or CRVO. Early retreatment after 16 weeks instead of 24 weeks, like in the GENEVA study, was indicated in 50% to stabilize the improved functional and anatomical results. SN - 1755-3768 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23638803/Functional_and_anatomical_results_after_a_single_intravitreal_Ozurdex_injection_in_retinal_vein_occlusion:_a_6_month_follow_up____the_SOLO_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -