Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (C677T and A1298C) polymorphisms, hyperhomocysteinemia, and ischemic stroke in Tunisian patients.J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013 May; 22(4):465-9.JS
The present study evaluated the role of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C gene polymorphisms and correlated these results with plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels in Tunisian ischemic stroke (IS) patients.
Overall, 84 patients with IS were included and compared with 100 healthy controls. The most common stroke risk factors were investigated. Fasting plasma Hcy levels were measured. Genotyping of the MTHFR C677T and A1298 polymorphisms was studied by polymerase chain reaction.
Aside from tobacco and alcohol use, the other studied factors were significant risk factors for IS. Mean plasma Hcy levels were significantly higher in IS patients than in controls (16.1 ± 8.28 μmol/L versus 8.76 ± 3.48 μmol/L, P < 10(-3)). Significant associations were found with both the MTHFR 677(CT + TT) and 1298 (AC + CC) genotypes in comparison with controls (P < 10(-3)). A significant synergistic interaction was also found with the double heterozygote MTHFR 677CT/1298AC (P < 10(-3)). Homocysteine levels were significantly higher in IS patients with the MTHFR C677T variant (CT and TT genotypes) (P < 10(-3)); however, the difference was not significant with the MTHFR A1298C variant (AC and CC genotypes) (P = .31).
The MTHFR C677T and A1298 polymorphisms (individually or in concert) and hyperhomocysteinemia represent important risk factors for IS. Elevated Hcy levels were found to be associated with the MTHFR C677T variant; however, no significant association was found with the MTHFR A1298C variant.