Optical spectroscopy in turbid media using an integrating sphere: mitochondrial chromophore analysis during metabolic transitions.Anal Biochem 2013; 439(2):161-72AB
Recent evidence suggests that the activity of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation complexes (MOPCs) is modulated at multiple sites. Here, a method of optically monitoring electron distribution within and between MOPCs is described using a center-mounted sample in an integrating sphere (to minimize scattering effects) with a rapid-scanning spectrometer. The redox-sensitive MOPC absorbances (∼465-630 nm) were modeled using linear least squares analysis with individual chromophore spectra. Classical mitochondrial activity transitions (e.g., ADP-induced increase in oxygen consumption) were used to characterize this approach. Most notable in these studies was the observation that intermediates of the catalytic cycle of cytochrome oxidase are dynamically modulated with metabolic state. The MOPC redox state, along with measurements of oxygen consumption and mitochondrial membrane potential, was used to evaluate the conductances of different sections of the electron transport chain. This analysis then was applied to mitochondria isolated from rabbit hearts subjected to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Surprisingly, I/R resulted in an inhibition of all measured MOPC conductances, suggesting a coordinated down-regulation of mitochondrial activity with this well-established cardiac perturbation.