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Directed attention reduces processing of emotional distracters irrespective of valence and arousal level.
Biol Psychol. 2013 Sep; 94(1):44-54.BP

Abstract

Emotional stimuli tend to capture attention, and this so-called motivated attention is commonly measured using the early posterior negativity (EPN) and the late positive potential (LPP). We hypothesized that voluntary, directed attention reduces motivated attention more strongly for highly than moderately arousing pleasant or unpleasant pictures. Participants were instructed to direct their attention to either a picture at fixation or the letters flanking the picture. Pictures varied substantially in arousal and valence. When the pictures were attended to, EPN and LPP increased linearly with arousal. When the letters were attended to, these linear effects decreased in the EPN for pleasant and unpleasant pictures and in the LPP for pleasant pictures. Thus, directed attention decreases processing of emotional distracters more strongly for highly than moderately arousing pleasant and unpleasant pictures. These results are consistent with the view that directed attention decreases emotion effects on sensory gain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. sws@psychology.su.seNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23669534

Citation

Wiens, Stefan, and Elmeri Syrjänen. "Directed Attention Reduces Processing of Emotional Distracters Irrespective of Valence and Arousal Level." Biological Psychology, vol. 94, no. 1, 2013, pp. 44-54.
Wiens S, Syrjänen E. Directed attention reduces processing of emotional distracters irrespective of valence and arousal level. Biol Psychol. 2013;94(1):44-54.
Wiens, S., & Syrjänen, E. (2013). Directed attention reduces processing of emotional distracters irrespective of valence and arousal level. Biological Psychology, 94(1), 44-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.05.001
Wiens S, Syrjänen E. Directed Attention Reduces Processing of Emotional Distracters Irrespective of Valence and Arousal Level. Biol Psychol. 2013;94(1):44-54. PubMed PMID: 23669534.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Directed attention reduces processing of emotional distracters irrespective of valence and arousal level. AU - Wiens,Stefan, AU - Syrjänen,Elmeri, Y1 - 2013/05/11/ PY - 2012/09/03/received PY - 2013/04/30/revised PY - 2013/05/01/accepted PY - 2013/5/15/entrez PY - 2013/5/15/pubmed PY - 2013/10/30/medline KW - Attention KW - EPN KW - Emotion KW - Event-related potentials KW - LPP SP - 44 EP - 54 JF - Biological psychology JO - Biol Psychol VL - 94 IS - 1 N2 - Emotional stimuli tend to capture attention, and this so-called motivated attention is commonly measured using the early posterior negativity (EPN) and the late positive potential (LPP). We hypothesized that voluntary, directed attention reduces motivated attention more strongly for highly than moderately arousing pleasant or unpleasant pictures. Participants were instructed to direct their attention to either a picture at fixation or the letters flanking the picture. Pictures varied substantially in arousal and valence. When the pictures were attended to, EPN and LPP increased linearly with arousal. When the letters were attended to, these linear effects decreased in the EPN for pleasant and unpleasant pictures and in the LPP for pleasant pictures. Thus, directed attention decreases processing of emotional distracters more strongly for highly than moderately arousing pleasant and unpleasant pictures. These results are consistent with the view that directed attention decreases emotion effects on sensory gain. SN - 1873-6246 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23669534/Directed_attention_reduces_processing_of_emotional_distracters_irrespective_of_valence_and_arousal_level_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-0511(13)00119-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -