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Dietary polyphenols and colorectal cancer risk: the Fukuoka colorectal cancer study.
World J Gastroenterol 2013; 19(17):2683-90WJ

Abstract

AIM

To investigate the associations between dietary intake of polyphenols and colorectal cancer.

METHODS

The study subjects were derived from the Fukuoka colorectal cancer study, a community-based case-control study. The study subjects were 816 cases of colorectal cancer and 815 community-based controls. The consumption of 148 food items was assessed by a computer-assisted interview. We used the consumption of 97 food items to estimate dietary intakes of total, tea and coffee polyphenols. The Phenol-Explorer database was used for 92 food items. Of the 5 foods which were not listed in the Phenol-Explorer Database, polyphenol contents of 3 foods (sweet potatoes, satoimo and daikon) were based on a Japanese study and 2 foods (soybeans and fried potatoes) were estimated by ORAC-based polyphenol contents in the United States Department of Agriculture Database. Odds ratios (OR) and 95%CI of colorectal cancer risk according to quintile categories of intake were obtained by using logistic regression models with adjustment for age, sex, residential area, parental history of colorectal cancer, smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index 10 years before, type of job, leisure-time physical activity and dietary intakes of calcium and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.

RESULTS

There was no measurable difference in total or tea polyphenol intake between cases and controls, but intake of coffee polyphenols was lower in cases than in controls. The multivariate-adjusted OR of colorectal cancer according to quintile categories of coffee polyphenols (from the first to top quintile) were 1.00 (referent), 0.81 (95%CI: 0.60-1.10), 0.65 (95%CI: 0.47-0.89), 0.65 (95%CI: 0.46-0.89) and 0.82 (95%CI: 0.60-1.10), respectively (P trend = 0.07). Similar, but less pronounced, decreases in the OR were also noted for the third and fourth quintiles of total polyphenol intake. Tea polyphenols and non-coffee polyphenols showed no association with colorectal cancer risk. The site-specific analysis, based on 463 colon cancer cases and 340 rectal cancer cases, showed an inverse association between coffee polyphenols and colon cancer. The multivariate-adjusted OR of colon cancer for the first to top quintiles of coffee polyphenols were 1.00 (referent), 0.92 (95%CI: 0.64-1.31), 0.75 (95%CI: 0.52-1.08), 0.69 (95%CI: 0.47-1.01), and 0.68 (95%CI: 0.46-1.00), respectively (P trend = 0.02). Distal colon cancer showed a more evident inverse association with coffee polyphenols than proximal colon cancer. The association between coffee polyphenols and rectal cancer risk was U-shaped, with significant decreases in the OR at the second to fourth quintile categories. There was also a tendency that the OR of colon and rectal cancer decreased in the intermediate categories of total polyphenols. The decrease in the OR in the intermediate categories of total polyphenols was most pronounced for distal colon cancer. Intake of tea polyphenols was not associated with either colon or rectal cancer. The associations of coffee consumption with colorectal, colon and rectal cancers were almost the same as observed for coffee polyphenols. The trend of the association between coffee consumption and colorectal cancer was statistically significant.

CONCLUSION

The present findings suggest a decreased risk of colorectal cancer associated with coffee consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. wangzj@phealth.med.kyushu-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23674876

Citation

Wang, Zhen-Jie, et al. "Dietary Polyphenols and Colorectal Cancer Risk: the Fukuoka Colorectal Cancer Study." World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 19, no. 17, 2013, pp. 2683-90.
Wang ZJ, Ohnaka K, Morita M, et al. Dietary polyphenols and colorectal cancer risk: the Fukuoka colorectal cancer study. World J Gastroenterol. 2013;19(17):2683-90.
Wang, Z. J., Ohnaka, K., Morita, M., Toyomura, K., Kono, S., Ueki, T., ... Terasaka, R. (2013). Dietary polyphenols and colorectal cancer risk: the Fukuoka colorectal cancer study. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 19(17), pp. 2683-90. doi:10.3748/wjg.v19.i17.2683.
Wang ZJ, et al. Dietary Polyphenols and Colorectal Cancer Risk: the Fukuoka Colorectal Cancer Study. World J Gastroenterol. 2013 May 7;19(17):2683-90. PubMed PMID: 23674876.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary polyphenols and colorectal cancer risk: the Fukuoka colorectal cancer study. AU - Wang,Zhen-Jie, AU - Ohnaka,Keizo, AU - Morita,Makiko, AU - Toyomura,Kengo, AU - Kono,Suminori, AU - Ueki,Takashi, AU - Tanaka,Masao, AU - Kakeji,Yoshihiro, AU - Maehara,Yoshihiko, AU - Okamura,Takeshi, AU - Ikejiri,Koji, AU - Futami,Kitaroh, AU - Maekawa,Takafumi, AU - Yasunami,Yohichi, AU - Takenaka,Kenji, AU - Ichimiya,Hitoshi, AU - Terasaka,Reiji, PY - 2012/08/28/received PY - 2012/11/07/revised PY - 2012/12/27/accepted PY - 2013/5/16/entrez PY - 2013/5/16/pubmed PY - 2014/1/5/medline KW - Coffee KW - Colon cancer KW - Colorectal cancer KW - Polyphenols KW - Rectal cancer KW - Tea SP - 2683 EP - 90 JF - World journal of gastroenterology JO - World J. Gastroenterol. VL - 19 IS - 17 N2 - AIM: To investigate the associations between dietary intake of polyphenols and colorectal cancer. METHODS: The study subjects were derived from the Fukuoka colorectal cancer study, a community-based case-control study. The study subjects were 816 cases of colorectal cancer and 815 community-based controls. The consumption of 148 food items was assessed by a computer-assisted interview. We used the consumption of 97 food items to estimate dietary intakes of total, tea and coffee polyphenols. The Phenol-Explorer database was used for 92 food items. Of the 5 foods which were not listed in the Phenol-Explorer Database, polyphenol contents of 3 foods (sweet potatoes, satoimo and daikon) were based on a Japanese study and 2 foods (soybeans and fried potatoes) were estimated by ORAC-based polyphenol contents in the United States Department of Agriculture Database. Odds ratios (OR) and 95%CI of colorectal cancer risk according to quintile categories of intake were obtained by using logistic regression models with adjustment for age, sex, residential area, parental history of colorectal cancer, smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index 10 years before, type of job, leisure-time physical activity and dietary intakes of calcium and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. RESULTS: There was no measurable difference in total or tea polyphenol intake between cases and controls, but intake of coffee polyphenols was lower in cases than in controls. The multivariate-adjusted OR of colorectal cancer according to quintile categories of coffee polyphenols (from the first to top quintile) were 1.00 (referent), 0.81 (95%CI: 0.60-1.10), 0.65 (95%CI: 0.47-0.89), 0.65 (95%CI: 0.46-0.89) and 0.82 (95%CI: 0.60-1.10), respectively (P trend = 0.07). Similar, but less pronounced, decreases in the OR were also noted for the third and fourth quintiles of total polyphenol intake. Tea polyphenols and non-coffee polyphenols showed no association with colorectal cancer risk. The site-specific analysis, based on 463 colon cancer cases and 340 rectal cancer cases, showed an inverse association between coffee polyphenols and colon cancer. The multivariate-adjusted OR of colon cancer for the first to top quintiles of coffee polyphenols were 1.00 (referent), 0.92 (95%CI: 0.64-1.31), 0.75 (95%CI: 0.52-1.08), 0.69 (95%CI: 0.47-1.01), and 0.68 (95%CI: 0.46-1.00), respectively (P trend = 0.02). Distal colon cancer showed a more evident inverse association with coffee polyphenols than proximal colon cancer. The association between coffee polyphenols and rectal cancer risk was U-shaped, with significant decreases in the OR at the second to fourth quintile categories. There was also a tendency that the OR of colon and rectal cancer decreased in the intermediate categories of total polyphenols. The decrease in the OR in the intermediate categories of total polyphenols was most pronounced for distal colon cancer. Intake of tea polyphenols was not associated with either colon or rectal cancer. The associations of coffee consumption with colorectal, colon and rectal cancers were almost the same as observed for coffee polyphenols. The trend of the association between coffee consumption and colorectal cancer was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The present findings suggest a decreased risk of colorectal cancer associated with coffee consumption. SN - 2219-2840 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23674876/Dietary_polyphenols_and_colorectal_cancer_risk:_the_Fukuoka_colorectal_cancer_study_ L2 - http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v19/i17/2683.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -