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Chemical composition and biological activities of the essential oil from Artemisia herba-alba growing wild in Tunisia.
Nat Prod Commun. 2013 Mar; 8(3):407-10.NP

Abstract

Aromatic plants can interfere in the Mediterranean ecosystem, mainly by the introduction in the environment of volatile compounds. For this reason, we studied the chemical composition and the possible phytotoxic and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Tunisian Artemisia herba-alba Asso. The chemical composition of the essential oil, obtained by hydrodistillation, was analyzed by GC and GC-MS. In all, 24 compounds were identified. The main components were camphor (39.1%), chrysanthenone (15.0%) and cis-thujone (7.8%). The essential oil was evaluated for its in vitro phytotoxic activity against germination and initial radical growth of Raphanus sativus L., Lepidium sativum L., Sinapis arvensis L., Triticum durum L. and Phalaris canariensis L. seeds. The radicle elongation of the five seeds was affected to different extents by the oil, while germination was not affected. The oil, when tested against eight selected bacterial strains, showed low antimicrobial activity. The chemical composition of the oil of A. herba-alba can help in the chemosystematics of this complex genus. However, the recorded biological activities seem to be neither ecologically nor medicinally significant.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratorie d'Ecologie Forestière, Institut National de Recherches en Génie Rural, Eaux et Forêts, BP 10, 2080 Ariana, Tunisia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23678823

Citation

Amri, Ismail, et al. "Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of the Essential Oil From Artemisia Herba-alba Growing Wild in Tunisia." Natural Product Communications, vol. 8, no. 3, 2013, pp. 407-10.
Amri I, De Martino L, Marandino A, et al. Chemical composition and biological activities of the essential oil from Artemisia herba-alba growing wild in Tunisia. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8(3):407-10.
Amri, I., De Martino, L., Marandino, A., Lamia, H., Mohsen, H., Scandolera, E., De Feo, V., & Mancini, E. (2013). Chemical composition and biological activities of the essential oil from Artemisia herba-alba growing wild in Tunisia. Natural Product Communications, 8(3), 407-10.
Amri I, et al. Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of the Essential Oil From Artemisia Herba-alba Growing Wild in Tunisia. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8(3):407-10. PubMed PMID: 23678823.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical composition and biological activities of the essential oil from Artemisia herba-alba growing wild in Tunisia. AU - Amri,Ismail, AU - De Martino,Laura, AU - Marandino,Aurelio, AU - Lamia,Hamrouni, AU - Mohsen,Hanana, AU - Scandolera,Elia, AU - De Feo,Vincenzo, AU - Mancini,Emilia, PY - 2013/5/18/entrez PY - 2013/5/18/pubmed PY - 2013/8/30/medline SP - 407 EP - 10 JF - Natural product communications JO - Nat Prod Commun VL - 8 IS - 3 N2 - Aromatic plants can interfere in the Mediterranean ecosystem, mainly by the introduction in the environment of volatile compounds. For this reason, we studied the chemical composition and the possible phytotoxic and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil extracted from leaves of Tunisian Artemisia herba-alba Asso. The chemical composition of the essential oil, obtained by hydrodistillation, was analyzed by GC and GC-MS. In all, 24 compounds were identified. The main components were camphor (39.1%), chrysanthenone (15.0%) and cis-thujone (7.8%). The essential oil was evaluated for its in vitro phytotoxic activity against germination and initial radical growth of Raphanus sativus L., Lepidium sativum L., Sinapis arvensis L., Triticum durum L. and Phalaris canariensis L. seeds. The radicle elongation of the five seeds was affected to different extents by the oil, while germination was not affected. The oil, when tested against eight selected bacterial strains, showed low antimicrobial activity. The chemical composition of the oil of A. herba-alba can help in the chemosystematics of this complex genus. However, the recorded biological activities seem to be neither ecologically nor medicinally significant. SN - 1934-578X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23678823/Chemical_composition_and_biological_activities_of_the_essential_oil_from_Artemisia_herba_alba_growing_wild_in_Tunisia_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -