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Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy and risk of wheeze and eczema in the first year of life: INMA (Spain) and RHEA (Greece) mother-child cohort studies.
Br J Nutr. 2013 Dec 14; 110(11):2058-68.BJ

Abstract

Maternal diet during pregnancy might influence the development of childhood allergic disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence during pregnancy on wheeze and eczema in the first year of life in two population-based mother-child cohorts in Spain and Greece. We studied 1771 mother-newborn pairs from the Spanish multi-centre 'INMA' (INfancia y Medio Ambiente) study (Gipuzkoa, Sabadell and Valencia) and 745 pairs from the 'RHEA' study in Crete, Greece. The symptoms of wheeze and eczema were based on the criteria of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Maternal diet during pregnancy was assessed by FFQ and MD adherence was evaluated through an a priori score. Multivariate log-binomial regression models were used to adjust for several confounders in each cohort and summary estimates were obtained by a meta-analysis. MD adherence was not associated with the risk of wheeze and eczema in any cohort, and similar results were identified in the meta-analysis approach. High meat intake (relative risk (RR) 1·22, 95 % CI 1·00, 1·49) and 'processed' meat intake (RR 1·18, 95 % CI 1·02, 1·37) during pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of wheeze in the first year of life, while a high intake of dairy products was significantly associated with a decreased risk of infantile wheeze (RR 0·83, 95 % CI 0·72, 0·96). The results of the present study show that high meat intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of wheeze in the first year of life, while a high intake of dairy products may decrease it.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion, 71003 Crete, Greece.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23680284

Citation

Chatzi, Leda, et al. "Mediterranean Diet Adherence During Pregnancy and Risk of Wheeze and Eczema in the First Year of Life: INMA (Spain) and RHEA (Greece) Mother-child Cohort Studies." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 110, no. 11, 2013, pp. 2058-68.
Chatzi L, Garcia R, Roumeliotaki T, et al. Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy and risk of wheeze and eczema in the first year of life: INMA (Spain) and RHEA (Greece) mother-child cohort studies. Br J Nutr. 2013;110(11):2058-68.
Chatzi, L., Garcia, R., Roumeliotaki, T., Basterrechea, M., Begiristain, H., Iñiguez, C., Vioque, J., Kogevinas, M., & Sunyer, J. (2013). Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy and risk of wheeze and eczema in the first year of life: INMA (Spain) and RHEA (Greece) mother-child cohort studies. The British Journal of Nutrition, 110(11), 2058-68. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114513001426
Chatzi L, et al. Mediterranean Diet Adherence During Pregnancy and Risk of Wheeze and Eczema in the First Year of Life: INMA (Spain) and RHEA (Greece) Mother-child Cohort Studies. Br J Nutr. 2013 Dec 14;110(11):2058-68. PubMed PMID: 23680284.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy and risk of wheeze and eczema in the first year of life: INMA (Spain) and RHEA (Greece) mother-child cohort studies. AU - Chatzi,Leda, AU - Garcia,Raquel, AU - Roumeliotaki,Theano, AU - Basterrechea,Mikel, AU - Begiristain,Haizea, AU - Iñiguez,Carmen, AU - Vioque,Jesus, AU - Kogevinas,Manolis, AU - Sunyer,Jordi, AU - ,, AU - ,, Y1 - 2013/05/17/ PY - 2013/5/18/entrez PY - 2013/5/18/pubmed PY - 2014/1/28/medline SP - 2058 EP - 68 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 110 IS - 11 N2 - Maternal diet during pregnancy might influence the development of childhood allergic disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence during pregnancy on wheeze and eczema in the first year of life in two population-based mother-child cohorts in Spain and Greece. We studied 1771 mother-newborn pairs from the Spanish multi-centre 'INMA' (INfancia y Medio Ambiente) study (Gipuzkoa, Sabadell and Valencia) and 745 pairs from the 'RHEA' study in Crete, Greece. The symptoms of wheeze and eczema were based on the criteria of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Maternal diet during pregnancy was assessed by FFQ and MD adherence was evaluated through an a priori score. Multivariate log-binomial regression models were used to adjust for several confounders in each cohort and summary estimates were obtained by a meta-analysis. MD adherence was not associated with the risk of wheeze and eczema in any cohort, and similar results were identified in the meta-analysis approach. High meat intake (relative risk (RR) 1·22, 95 % CI 1·00, 1·49) and 'processed' meat intake (RR 1·18, 95 % CI 1·02, 1·37) during pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of wheeze in the first year of life, while a high intake of dairy products was significantly associated with a decreased risk of infantile wheeze (RR 0·83, 95 % CI 0·72, 0·96). The results of the present study show that high meat intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of wheeze in the first year of life, while a high intake of dairy products may decrease it. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23680284/Mediterranean_diet_adherence_during_pregnancy_and_risk_of_wheeze_and_eczema_in_the_first_year_of_life:_INMA__Spain__and_RHEA__Greece__mother_child_cohort_studies_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114513001426/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -