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Clinical features and treatment outcomes of the spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformation: clinical article.
J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Aug; 19(2):207-16.JN

Abstract

OBJECT

Spinal vascular diseases, such as spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), and spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), are very rare. The authors analyzed the features and treatment outcomes of these conditions.

METHODS

Data from 64 patients were retrospectively reviewed. There were 33 spinal DAVFs (1 patient had 2 lesions), 20 perimedullary AVFs, and 12 spinal AVMs. Clinical features, radiological findings, treatment results, and clinical outcomes were evaluated according to the diseases, subtypes, and treatment modalities. The median duration of follow-up was 20, 42, and 56 months for spinal DAVFs, perimedullary AVFs, and spinal AVMs, respectively.

RESULTS

Spinal DAVFs showed faster progression of symptoms (median 5, 12, and 36 months for spinal DAVFs, perimedullary AVFs, and spinal AVMs, respectively) and worse neurological status at diagnosis (poor neurological status in 56%, 65%, and 33%, respectively). On MRI, signal voids were demonstrated in all except 1 spinal DAVF. At the last follow-up, 94% of spinal DAVFs, 68% of perimedullary AVFs, and 50% of spinal AVMs were completely obliterated. Favorable clinical outcomes were achieved in 91%, 95%, and 58%, respectively. In detail, the majority (78%) of spinal DAVFs were embolized, resulting in complete obliteration in 92% and favorable clinical outcomes in 92%. Most Type IVa and IVb perimedullary AVFs were surgically treated (71% and 88%), with complete obliterations of 86% and 71%, and favorable clinical outcomes in 100% and 86%, respectively. All Type IVc lesions were embolized with a low cure rate of 40%; however, clinical outcomes were satisfactory. Spinal AVMs were generally embolized (67%), and only glomus-type lesions attained a satisfactory cure rate (80%) and clinical outcome (100%).

CONCLUSIONS

Embolization produced satisfactory outcomes in spinal DAVFs and glomus-type spinal AVMs. Surgery is advantageous in Type IVa and IVb perimedullary AVFs. Palliative embolization can be effective in Type IVc perimedullary AVFs and juvenile spinal AVMs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23705629

Citation

Cho, Won-Sang, et al. "Clinical Features and Treatment Outcomes of the Spinal Arteriovenous Fistulas and Malformation: Clinical Article." Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine, vol. 19, no. 2, 2013, pp. 207-16.
Cho WS, Kim KJ, Kwon OK, et al. Clinical features and treatment outcomes of the spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformation: clinical article. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013;19(2):207-16.
Cho, W. S., Kim, K. J., Kwon, O. K., Kim, C. H., Kim, J., Han, M. H., & Chung, C. K. (2013). Clinical features and treatment outcomes of the spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformation: clinical article. Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine, 19(2), 207-16. https://doi.org/10.3171/2013.4.SPINE12732
Cho WS, et al. Clinical Features and Treatment Outcomes of the Spinal Arteriovenous Fistulas and Malformation: Clinical Article. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013;19(2):207-16. PubMed PMID: 23705629.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical features and treatment outcomes of the spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformation: clinical article. AU - Cho,Won-Sang, AU - Kim,Ki-Jeong, AU - Kwon,O-Ki, AU - Kim,Chi Heon, AU - Kim,Jiha, AU - Han,Moon Hee, AU - Chung,Chun Kee, Y1 - 2013/05/24/ PY - 2013/5/28/entrez PY - 2013/5/28/pubmed PY - 2013/10/18/medline SP - 207 EP - 16 JF - Journal of neurosurgery. Spine JO - J Neurosurg Spine VL - 19 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECT: Spinal vascular diseases, such as spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), and spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), are very rare. The authors analyzed the features and treatment outcomes of these conditions. METHODS: Data from 64 patients were retrospectively reviewed. There were 33 spinal DAVFs (1 patient had 2 lesions), 20 perimedullary AVFs, and 12 spinal AVMs. Clinical features, radiological findings, treatment results, and clinical outcomes were evaluated according to the diseases, subtypes, and treatment modalities. The median duration of follow-up was 20, 42, and 56 months for spinal DAVFs, perimedullary AVFs, and spinal AVMs, respectively. RESULTS: Spinal DAVFs showed faster progression of symptoms (median 5, 12, and 36 months for spinal DAVFs, perimedullary AVFs, and spinal AVMs, respectively) and worse neurological status at diagnosis (poor neurological status in 56%, 65%, and 33%, respectively). On MRI, signal voids were demonstrated in all except 1 spinal DAVF. At the last follow-up, 94% of spinal DAVFs, 68% of perimedullary AVFs, and 50% of spinal AVMs were completely obliterated. Favorable clinical outcomes were achieved in 91%, 95%, and 58%, respectively. In detail, the majority (78%) of spinal DAVFs were embolized, resulting in complete obliteration in 92% and favorable clinical outcomes in 92%. Most Type IVa and IVb perimedullary AVFs were surgically treated (71% and 88%), with complete obliterations of 86% and 71%, and favorable clinical outcomes in 100% and 86%, respectively. All Type IVc lesions were embolized with a low cure rate of 40%; however, clinical outcomes were satisfactory. Spinal AVMs were generally embolized (67%), and only glomus-type lesions attained a satisfactory cure rate (80%) and clinical outcome (100%). CONCLUSIONS: Embolization produced satisfactory outcomes in spinal DAVFs and glomus-type spinal AVMs. Surgery is advantageous in Type IVa and IVb perimedullary AVFs. Palliative embolization can be effective in Type IVc perimedullary AVFs and juvenile spinal AVMs. SN - 1547-5646 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23705629/Clinical_features_and_treatment_outcomes_of_the_spinal_arteriovenous_fistulas_and_malformation:_clinical_article_ L2 - https://thejns.org/doi/10.3171/2013.4.SPINE12732 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -