Safety and effectiveness of daptomycin across a hospitalized obese population: results of a multicenter investigation in the southeastern United States.Pharmacotherapy. 2013 Dec; 33(12):1322-30.P
Data are limited for antimicrobial outcomes in obese patients. This study investigated the safety and clinical outcomes of daptomycin therapy in a hospitalized obese population in the southeastern United States.
Multicenter retrospective cohort study.
Thirteen hospitals in the southeastern United States.
A total of 126 hospitalized adult obese patients (body mass index [BMI] more than 30 kg/m(2)) admitted from January 2005 through May 2010 who received daptomycin dosed on actual body weight for any indication for a minimum of 7 days.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS
Primary safety outcomes included incidence of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) elevations more than 1000 units/L, more than 500 units/L, myalgias, and discontinuation of therapy due to adverse drug events (ADEs). Patients were stratified by BMI class (I, II, or III) for analyses. The average weight was 121 kg, and 39% of patients were considered morbidly obese. Factors associated with an increased risk of primary safety outcomes were assessed through regression analysis. Clinical effectiveness was evaluated as a secondary outcome. CPK elevations more than 1000 units/L occurred in 8.4% of evaluable patients and specifically in 1 (3.6%), 3 (10.3%), and 4 (10.5%) patients in BMI class I, II, and III, respectively (p=0.554). CPK elevations more than 500 units/L occurred in 13.7% of patients with no statistically significant difference noted across BMI classes. Discontinuation due to ADEs occurred in 8 patients (6.3%). One patient developed rhabdomyolysis on day 9 of therapy. Clinical effectiveness was documented in 71% of patients and was consistent across BMI classes.
Although elevations in CPK increased in high-risk obese patients on daptomycin, discontinuation rates due to ADEs remained low. Further evaluation in a prospective trial is warranted.