Pre-transplant presence of antibodies to MICA and HLA class I or II are associated with an earlier onset of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in lung transplant recipients.Clin Transpl. 2012CT
Previous reports using cell-based methods (CDC-AHG) suggest that the presence of pre-transplant HLA Class I and II antibodies are associated with worse survival following lung transplantation. Similarly, antibodies to major histocompatibility complex Class I chain-related gene A (MICA) have been associated with increased graft failure following kidney transplantation. Using highly sensitive solid phase assays, we sought to determine whether the pre-transplant presence of antibodies to MICA or HLA Class I or II predicted short or long-term lung allograft function. Pre-transplant sera screened for antibodies to MICA by Labscreen Single Antigen format and HLA by Luminex (n = 192) revealed antibody presence in 31 (16.1%) and 70 (36.4%) patients, respectively. HLA antibody presence correlated with increased bronchiolitis Obliterans syndrome (BOS)-1 development at 3 years [32.9% (23/70) vs. 18.9% (23/122), p = 0.03] while MICA antibodies correlated with BOS-2 development [32.3% (10/31) vs. 14.9% (24/161), p = 0.02]. The presence of HLA or MICA antibodies correlated with BOS-1 development [32.5% (26/81) vs.18.0% (20/111), p = 0.02] and BOS-2 [24.7% (20/81) vs. 12.6% (14/111), p = 0.02] at 3 years. We found no correlation between antibody presence and episodes of acute cellular rejection or overall survival. We conclude that the presence of pre-transplant HLA or MICA antibodies is associated with earlier BOS onset following lung transplantation.