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Changes in smoking for adults with and without alcohol and drug use disorders: longitudinal evaluation in the US population.
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2013 May; 39(3):186-93.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Little is known about the smoking cessation and smoking relapse behavior of adults with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and drug use disorders (DUDs).

OBJECTIVE

The current study used longitudinal data from a representative sample of the US adult population to examine changes in smoking over 3 years for men and women with and without AUD and DUD diagnoses.

METHODS

Participants were current or former daily cigarette smokers at Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions who completed the Wave 2 assessment 3 years later (n = 11,973; 46% female). Analyses examined the main and gender-specific effects of AUD and DUD diagnoses on smoking cessation and smoking relapse.

RESULTS

Wave 1 current daily smokers with a current AUD (OR = .70, 95% CI = .55, .89), past AUD (OR = .73, 95% CI = .60, .89), current DUD (OR = .48, 95% CI = .31, .76), and past DUD (OR = .62, 95% CI = .49, .79) were less likely to have quit smoking at Wave 2 than those with no AUD or DUD diagnosis. Wave 1 former daily smokers with a current AUD (OR = 2.26, 95% CI = 1.36, 3.73), current DUD (OR = 7.97, 95% CI = 2.51, 25.34), and past DUD (OR = 2.69, 95% CI = 1.84, 3.95) were more likely to have relapsed to smoking at Wave 2 than those with no AUD or DUD diagnosis. The gender by diagnosis interactions were not significant.

CONCLUSION

Current and past AUDs and DUDs were associated with a decreased likelihood of quitting smoking, while current AUDs, current DUDs, and past DUDs were associated with an increased likelihood of smoking relapse.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA. andrea.weinberger@yale.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23721534

Citation

Weinberger, Andrea H., et al. "Changes in Smoking for Adults With and Without Alcohol and Drug Use Disorders: Longitudinal Evaluation in the US Population." The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, vol. 39, no. 3, 2013, pp. 186-93.
Weinberger AH, Pilver CE, Hoff RA, et al. Changes in smoking for adults with and without alcohol and drug use disorders: longitudinal evaluation in the US population. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2013;39(3):186-93.
Weinberger, A. H., Pilver, C. E., Hoff, R. A., Mazure, C. M., & McKee, S. A. (2013). Changes in smoking for adults with and without alcohol and drug use disorders: longitudinal evaluation in the US population. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 39(3), 186-93. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952990.2013.785557
Weinberger AH, et al. Changes in Smoking for Adults With and Without Alcohol and Drug Use Disorders: Longitudinal Evaluation in the US Population. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2013;39(3):186-93. PubMed PMID: 23721534.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in smoking for adults with and without alcohol and drug use disorders: longitudinal evaluation in the US population. AU - Weinberger,Andrea H, AU - Pilver,Corey E, AU - Hoff,Rani A, AU - Mazure,Carolyn M, AU - McKee,Sherry A, PY - 2013/6/1/entrez PY - 2013/6/1/pubmed PY - 2013/10/18/medline SP - 186 EP - 93 JF - The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse JO - Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse VL - 39 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Little is known about the smoking cessation and smoking relapse behavior of adults with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and drug use disorders (DUDs). OBJECTIVE: The current study used longitudinal data from a representative sample of the US adult population to examine changes in smoking over 3 years for men and women with and without AUD and DUD diagnoses. METHODS: Participants were current or former daily cigarette smokers at Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions who completed the Wave 2 assessment 3 years later (n = 11,973; 46% female). Analyses examined the main and gender-specific effects of AUD and DUD diagnoses on smoking cessation and smoking relapse. RESULTS: Wave 1 current daily smokers with a current AUD (OR = .70, 95% CI = .55, .89), past AUD (OR = .73, 95% CI = .60, .89), current DUD (OR = .48, 95% CI = .31, .76), and past DUD (OR = .62, 95% CI = .49, .79) were less likely to have quit smoking at Wave 2 than those with no AUD or DUD diagnosis. Wave 1 former daily smokers with a current AUD (OR = 2.26, 95% CI = 1.36, 3.73), current DUD (OR = 7.97, 95% CI = 2.51, 25.34), and past DUD (OR = 2.69, 95% CI = 1.84, 3.95) were more likely to have relapsed to smoking at Wave 2 than those with no AUD or DUD diagnosis. The gender by diagnosis interactions were not significant. CONCLUSION: Current and past AUDs and DUDs were associated with a decreased likelihood of quitting smoking, while current AUDs, current DUDs, and past DUDs were associated with an increased likelihood of smoking relapse. SN - 1097-9891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23721534/Changes_in_smoking_for_adults_with_and_without_alcohol_and_drug_use_disorders:_longitudinal_evaluation_in_the_US_population_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00952990.2013.785557 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -