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A closer examination of the relationship between children's weight status and the food and physical activity environment.
Prev Med 2013; 57(3):162-7PM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Conflicting findings on associations between food and physical activity (PA) environments and children's weight status demand attention in order to inform effective interventions. We assess relationships between the food and PA environments in inner-city neighborhoods and children's weight status and address sources of conflicting results of prior research.

METHODS

Weight status of children ages 3-18 was assessed using parent-measured heights and weights. Data were collected from 702 children living in four low-income cities in New Jersey between 2009 and 2010. Proximity of a child's residence to a variety of food and PA outlets was measured in multiple ways using geo-coded data. Multivariate analyses assessed the association between measures of proximity and weight status.

RESULTS

Significant associations were observed between children's weight status and proximity to convenience stores in the 1/4 mile radius (OR = 1.9) and with presence of a large park in the 1/2 mile radius (OR = 0.41). No associations were observed for other types of food and PA outlets.

CONCLUSIONS

Specific aspects of the food and PA environments are predictors of overweight and obese status among children, but the relationships and their detection are dependent upon aspects of the geospatial landscape of each community.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA. pohrivac@asu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23726897

Citation

Ohri-Vachaspati, Punam, et al. "A Closer Examination of the Relationship Between Children's Weight Status and the Food and Physical Activity Environment." Preventive Medicine, vol. 57, no. 3, 2013, pp. 162-7.
Ohri-Vachaspati P, Lloyd K, Delia D, et al. A closer examination of the relationship between children's weight status and the food and physical activity environment. Prev Med. 2013;57(3):162-7.
Ohri-Vachaspati, P., Lloyd, K., Delia, D., Tulloch, D., & Yedidia, M. J. (2013). A closer examination of the relationship between children's weight status and the food and physical activity environment. Preventive Medicine, 57(3), pp. 162-7. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.05.009.
Ohri-Vachaspati P, et al. A Closer Examination of the Relationship Between Children's Weight Status and the Food and Physical Activity Environment. Prev Med. 2013;57(3):162-7. PubMed PMID: 23726897.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A closer examination of the relationship between children's weight status and the food and physical activity environment. AU - Ohri-Vachaspati,Punam, AU - Lloyd,Kristen, AU - Delia,Derek, AU - Tulloch,David, AU - Yedidia,Michael J, Y1 - 2013/05/30/ PY - 2012/07/05/received PY - 2013/05/04/revised PY - 2013/05/13/accepted PY - 2013/6/4/entrez PY - 2013/6/4/pubmed PY - 2014/4/25/medline KW - Body mass index KW - Childhood obesity KW - Food environment KW - Food outlets KW - Geo-spatial measures of proximity KW - Overweight KW - Physical activity environment KW - Physical activity outlets KW - Weight outcome SP - 162 EP - 7 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 57 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Conflicting findings on associations between food and physical activity (PA) environments and children's weight status demand attention in order to inform effective interventions. We assess relationships between the food and PA environments in inner-city neighborhoods and children's weight status and address sources of conflicting results of prior research. METHODS: Weight status of children ages 3-18 was assessed using parent-measured heights and weights. Data were collected from 702 children living in four low-income cities in New Jersey between 2009 and 2010. Proximity of a child's residence to a variety of food and PA outlets was measured in multiple ways using geo-coded data. Multivariate analyses assessed the association between measures of proximity and weight status. RESULTS: Significant associations were observed between children's weight status and proximity to convenience stores in the 1/4 mile radius (OR = 1.9) and with presence of a large park in the 1/2 mile radius (OR = 0.41). No associations were observed for other types of food and PA outlets. CONCLUSIONS: Specific aspects of the food and PA environments are predictors of overweight and obese status among children, but the relationships and their detection are dependent upon aspects of the geospatial landscape of each community. SN - 1096-0260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23726897/A_Closer_Examination_of_the_Relationship_between_Children's_Weight_Status_and_the_Food_and_Physical_Activity_Environment_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(13)00154-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -