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Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears.
Emotion. 2013 Oct; 13(5):915-25.E

Abstract

Enhanced fear learning for fear-relevant stimuli has been demonstrated in procedures with adults in the laboratory. Three experiments investigated the effect of stimulus fear-relevance on vicarious fear learning in children (aged 6-11 years). Pictures of stimuli with different levels of fear-relevance (flowers, caterpillars, snakes, worms, and Australian marsupials) were presented alone or together with scared faces. In line with previous studies, children's fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for stimuli they had seen with scared faces. However, in contrast to evidence with adults, learning was mostly similar for all stimulus types irrespective of fear-relevance. The results support a proposal that stimulus preparedness is bypassed when children observationally learn threat-related information from adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23731437

Citation

Askew, Chris, et al. "Stimulus Fear-relevance and the Vicarious Learning Pathway to Childhood Fears." Emotion (Washington, D.C.), vol. 13, no. 5, 2013, pp. 915-25.
Askew C, Dunne G, Özdil Z, et al. Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears. Emotion. 2013;13(5):915-25.
Askew, C., Dunne, G., Özdil, Z., Reynolds, G., & Field, A. P. (2013). Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 13(5), 915-25. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032714
Askew C, et al. Stimulus Fear-relevance and the Vicarious Learning Pathway to Childhood Fears. Emotion. 2013;13(5):915-25. PubMed PMID: 23731437.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears. AU - Askew,Chris, AU - Dunne,Güler, AU - Özdil,Zehra, AU - Reynolds,Gemma, AU - Field,Andy P, Y1 - 2013/06/03/ PY - 2013/6/5/entrez PY - 2013/6/5/pubmed PY - 2014/8/19/medline SP - 915 EP - 25 JF - Emotion (Washington, D.C.) JO - Emotion VL - 13 IS - 5 N2 - Enhanced fear learning for fear-relevant stimuli has been demonstrated in procedures with adults in the laboratory. Three experiments investigated the effect of stimulus fear-relevance on vicarious fear learning in children (aged 6-11 years). Pictures of stimuli with different levels of fear-relevance (flowers, caterpillars, snakes, worms, and Australian marsupials) were presented alone or together with scared faces. In line with previous studies, children's fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for stimuli they had seen with scared faces. However, in contrast to evidence with adults, learning was mostly similar for all stimulus types irrespective of fear-relevance. The results support a proposal that stimulus preparedness is bypassed when children observationally learn threat-related information from adults. SN - 1931-1516 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23731437/Stimulus_fear_relevance_and_the_vicarious_learning_pathway_to_childhood_fears_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/emo/13/5/915 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -