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Dietary sodium, potassium, and alcohol: key players in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension.
Nutr Rev. 2013 Jun; 71(6):402-11.NR

Abstract

Western industrialized societies are currently experiencing an epidemic expansion of hypertension (HTN), which extends alarmingly even to children and adolescents. HTN constitutes an independent risk factor for cardiorenal disease and represents an extremely common comorbidity of diabetes and obesity. Numerous randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses have provided robust scientific evidence that reduced dietary salt intake, increased dietary potassium intake, moderation of alcohol consumption, optimal weight maintenance, and the adoption of "heart-friendly" dietary patterns such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension or the Mediterranean diet can effectively lower blood pressure. Interestingly, the susceptibility of blood pressure to nutritional interventions is greatly variable among individuals, depending on age, race, genetic background, and comorbidities. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of currently available scientific evidence in the constantly evolving field of diet and HTN, placing particular emphasis on the key role of dietary sodium, dietary potassium, and alcohol intake in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eugenideion Hospital, Athens University Medical School, 11141 Athens, Greece. ckoliaki@yahoo.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23731449

Citation

Koliaki, Chrysi, and Nicholas Katsilambros. "Dietary Sodium, Potassium, and Alcohol: Key Players in the Pathophysiology, Prevention, and Treatment of Human Hypertension." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 71, no. 6, 2013, pp. 402-11.
Koliaki C, Katsilambros N. Dietary sodium, potassium, and alcohol: key players in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension. Nutr Rev. 2013;71(6):402-11.
Koliaki, C., & Katsilambros, N. (2013). Dietary sodium, potassium, and alcohol: key players in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension. Nutrition Reviews, 71(6), 402-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/nure.12036
Koliaki C, Katsilambros N. Dietary Sodium, Potassium, and Alcohol: Key Players in the Pathophysiology, Prevention, and Treatment of Human Hypertension. Nutr Rev. 2013;71(6):402-11. PubMed PMID: 23731449.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary sodium, potassium, and alcohol: key players in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension. AU - Koliaki,Chrysi, AU - Katsilambros,Nicholas, Y1 - 2013/04/11/ PY - 2013/6/5/entrez PY - 2013/6/5/pubmed PY - 2013/9/27/medline SP - 402 EP - 11 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr Rev VL - 71 IS - 6 N2 - Western industrialized societies are currently experiencing an epidemic expansion of hypertension (HTN), which extends alarmingly even to children and adolescents. HTN constitutes an independent risk factor for cardiorenal disease and represents an extremely common comorbidity of diabetes and obesity. Numerous randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses have provided robust scientific evidence that reduced dietary salt intake, increased dietary potassium intake, moderation of alcohol consumption, optimal weight maintenance, and the adoption of "heart-friendly" dietary patterns such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension or the Mediterranean diet can effectively lower blood pressure. Interestingly, the susceptibility of blood pressure to nutritional interventions is greatly variable among individuals, depending on age, race, genetic background, and comorbidities. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of currently available scientific evidence in the constantly evolving field of diet and HTN, placing particular emphasis on the key role of dietary sodium, dietary potassium, and alcohol intake in the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23731449/Dietary_sodium_potassium_and_alcohol:_key_players_in_the_pathophysiology_prevention_and_treatment_of_human_hypertension_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/nure.12036 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -