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Integrated assessment of policy interventions for promoting sustainable irrigation in semi-arid environments: a hydro-economic modeling approach.
J Environ Manage. 2013 Oct 15; 128:144-60.JE

Abstract

Sustaining irrigated agriculture to meet food production needs while maintaining aquatic ecosystems is at the heart of many policy debates in various parts of the world, especially in arid and semi-arid areas. Researchers and practitioners are increasingly calling for integrated approaches, and policy-makers are progressively supporting the inclusion of ecological and social aspects in water management programs. This paper contributes to this policy debate by providing an integrated economic-hydrologic modeling framework that captures the socio-economic and environmental effects of various policy initiatives and climate variability. This modeling integration includes a risk-based economic optimization model and a hydrologic water management simulation model that have been specified for the Middle Guadiana basin, a vulnerable drought-prone agro-ecological area with highly regulated river systems in southwest Spain. Namely, two key water policy interventions were investigated: the implementation of minimum environmental flows (supported by the European Water Framework Directive, EU WFD), and a reduction in the legal amount of water delivered for irrigation (planned measure included in the new Guadiana River Basin Management Plan, GRBMP, still under discussion). Results indicate that current patterns of excessive water use for irrigation in the basin may put environmental flow demands at risk, jeopardizing the WFD's goal of restoring the 'good ecological status' of water bodies by 2015. Conflicts between environmental and agricultural water uses will be stressed during prolonged dry episodes, and particularly in summer low-flow periods, when there is an important increase of crop irrigation water requirements. Securing minimum stream flows would entail a substantial reduction in irrigation water use for rice cultivation, which might affect the profitability and economic viability of small rice-growing farms located upstream in the river. The new GRBMP could contribute to balance competing water demands in the basin and to increase economic water productivity, but might not be sufficient to ensure the provision of environmental flows as required by the WFD. A thoroughly revision of the basin's water use concession system for irrigation seems to be needed in order to bring the GRBMP in line with the WFD objectives. Furthermore, the study illustrates that social, economic, institutional, and technological factors, in addition to bio-physical conditions, are important issues to be considered for designing and developing water management strategies. The research initiative presented in this paper demonstrates that hydro-economic models can explicitly integrate all these issues, constituting a valuable tool that could assist policy makers for implementing sustainable irrigation policies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI Agrónomos, Av. Complutense s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. irene.blanco@upm.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23732193

Citation

Blanco-Gutiérrez, Irene, et al. "Integrated Assessment of Policy Interventions for Promoting Sustainable Irrigation in Semi-arid Environments: a Hydro-economic Modeling Approach." Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 128, 2013, pp. 144-60.
Blanco-Gutiérrez I, Varela-Ortega C, Purkey DR. Integrated assessment of policy interventions for promoting sustainable irrigation in semi-arid environments: a hydro-economic modeling approach. J Environ Manage. 2013;128:144-60.
Blanco-Gutiérrez, I., Varela-Ortega, C., & Purkey, D. R. (2013). Integrated assessment of policy interventions for promoting sustainable irrigation in semi-arid environments: a hydro-economic modeling approach. Journal of Environmental Management, 128, 144-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.04.037
Blanco-Gutiérrez I, Varela-Ortega C, Purkey DR. Integrated Assessment of Policy Interventions for Promoting Sustainable Irrigation in Semi-arid Environments: a Hydro-economic Modeling Approach. J Environ Manage. 2013 Oct 15;128:144-60. PubMed PMID: 23732193.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Integrated assessment of policy interventions for promoting sustainable irrigation in semi-arid environments: a hydro-economic modeling approach. AU - Blanco-Gutiérrez,Irene, AU - Varela-Ortega,Consuelo, AU - Purkey,David R, Y1 - 2013/06/01/ PY - 2010/12/02/received PY - 2013/01/28/revised PY - 2013/04/18/accepted PY - 2013/6/5/entrez PY - 2013/6/5/pubmed PY - 2014/6/12/medline KW - Hydro-economic modeling KW - Policy analysis KW - Semi-arid regions KW - Sustainable irrigation KW - Water management SP - 144 EP - 60 JF - Journal of environmental management JO - J. Environ. Manage. VL - 128 N2 - Sustaining irrigated agriculture to meet food production needs while maintaining aquatic ecosystems is at the heart of many policy debates in various parts of the world, especially in arid and semi-arid areas. Researchers and practitioners are increasingly calling for integrated approaches, and policy-makers are progressively supporting the inclusion of ecological and social aspects in water management programs. This paper contributes to this policy debate by providing an integrated economic-hydrologic modeling framework that captures the socio-economic and environmental effects of various policy initiatives and climate variability. This modeling integration includes a risk-based economic optimization model and a hydrologic water management simulation model that have been specified for the Middle Guadiana basin, a vulnerable drought-prone agro-ecological area with highly regulated river systems in southwest Spain. Namely, two key water policy interventions were investigated: the implementation of minimum environmental flows (supported by the European Water Framework Directive, EU WFD), and a reduction in the legal amount of water delivered for irrigation (planned measure included in the new Guadiana River Basin Management Plan, GRBMP, still under discussion). Results indicate that current patterns of excessive water use for irrigation in the basin may put environmental flow demands at risk, jeopardizing the WFD's goal of restoring the 'good ecological status' of water bodies by 2015. Conflicts between environmental and agricultural water uses will be stressed during prolonged dry episodes, and particularly in summer low-flow periods, when there is an important increase of crop irrigation water requirements. Securing minimum stream flows would entail a substantial reduction in irrigation water use for rice cultivation, which might affect the profitability and economic viability of small rice-growing farms located upstream in the river. The new GRBMP could contribute to balance competing water demands in the basin and to increase economic water productivity, but might not be sufficient to ensure the provision of environmental flows as required by the WFD. A thoroughly revision of the basin's water use concession system for irrigation seems to be needed in order to bring the GRBMP in line with the WFD objectives. Furthermore, the study illustrates that social, economic, institutional, and technological factors, in addition to bio-physical conditions, are important issues to be considered for designing and developing water management strategies. The research initiative presented in this paper demonstrates that hydro-economic models can explicitly integrate all these issues, constituting a valuable tool that could assist policy makers for implementing sustainable irrigation policies. SN - 1095-8630 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23732193/Integrated_assessment_of_policy_interventions_for_promoting_sustainable_irrigation_in_semi_arid_environments:_a_hydro_economic_modeling_approach_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-4797(13)00287-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -