The obesity paradox in the ICU: real or not?Crit Care. 2013 Jun 12; 17(3):154.CC
The obesity paradox has been used to describe the observed phenomenon described by several studies that indicated improved survival for critically ill patients with mild to moderate obesity when compared with their lean counterparts. The study by Arabi and coworkers challenges the obesity paradox concept for critically ill obese patients with septic shock. Their data indicate that obesity, per se, does not significantly improve mortality when outcomes are adjusted for differences in baseline characteristics and sepsis interventions. Further studies are needed to assess the influence of body weight, lean weight, and fat mass for optimizing fluid resuscitation, pharmacotherapy, and nutritional therapy for critically ill patients with sepsis.