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Music, perceived arousal, and intensity: psychophysiological reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse".
Psychophysiology. 2013 Sep; 50(9):909-19.P

Abstract

The present study investigates the relation of perceived arousal (continuous self-rating), autonomic nervous system activity (heart rate, heart rate variability) and musical characteristics (sound intensity, musical rhythm) upon listening to a complex musical piece. Twenty amateur musicians listened to two performances of Chopin's "Tristesse" with different rhythmic shapes. Besides conventional statistical methods for analyzing psychophysiological reactions (heart rate, respiration rate) and musical variables, semblance analysis was used. Perceived arousal correlated strongly with sound intensity; heart rate showed only a partial response to changes in sound intensity. Larger changes in heart rate were caused by the version with more rhythmic tension. The low-/high-frequency ratio of heart rate variability increased--whereas the high frequency component decreased--during music listening. We conclude that autonomic nervous system activity can be modulated not only by sound intensity but also by the interpreter's use of rhythmic tension. Semblance analysis enables us to track the subtle correlations between musical and physiological variables.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University Hospital of Psychiatry, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. christian.mikutta@spk.unibe.chNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23763714

Citation

Mikutta, Christian Alexander, et al. "Music, Perceived Arousal, and Intensity: Psychophysiological Reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse"." Psychophysiology, vol. 50, no. 9, 2013, pp. 909-19.
Mikutta CA, Schwab S, Niederhauser S, et al. Music, perceived arousal, and intensity: psychophysiological reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse". Psychophysiology. 2013;50(9):909-19.
Mikutta, C. A., Schwab, S., Niederhauser, S., Wuermle, O., Strik, W., & Altorfer, A. (2013). Music, perceived arousal, and intensity: psychophysiological reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse". Psychophysiology, 50(9), 909-19. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12071
Mikutta CA, et al. Music, Perceived Arousal, and Intensity: Psychophysiological Reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse". Psychophysiology. 2013;50(9):909-19. PubMed PMID: 23763714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Music, perceived arousal, and intensity: psychophysiological reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse". AU - Mikutta,Christian Alexander, AU - Schwab,Simon, AU - Niederhauser,Sandra, AU - Wuermle,Othmar, AU - Strik,Werner, AU - Altorfer,Andreas, Y1 - 2013/06/14/ PY - 2012/12/21/received PY - 2013/04/17/accepted PY - 2013/6/15/entrez PY - 2013/6/15/pubmed PY - 2014/5/10/medline KW - Heart rate KW - Heart rate variability KW - Music KW - Respiration rate KW - Semblance analysis KW - Sound intensity KW - Subjective arousal KW - Tempo rubato SP - 909 EP - 19 JF - Psychophysiology JO - Psychophysiology VL - 50 IS - 9 N2 - The present study investigates the relation of perceived arousal (continuous self-rating), autonomic nervous system activity (heart rate, heart rate variability) and musical characteristics (sound intensity, musical rhythm) upon listening to a complex musical piece. Twenty amateur musicians listened to two performances of Chopin's "Tristesse" with different rhythmic shapes. Besides conventional statistical methods for analyzing psychophysiological reactions (heart rate, respiration rate) and musical variables, semblance analysis was used. Perceived arousal correlated strongly with sound intensity; heart rate showed only a partial response to changes in sound intensity. Larger changes in heart rate were caused by the version with more rhythmic tension. The low-/high-frequency ratio of heart rate variability increased--whereas the high frequency component decreased--during music listening. We conclude that autonomic nervous system activity can be modulated not only by sound intensity but also by the interpreter's use of rhythmic tension. Semblance analysis enables us to track the subtle correlations between musical and physiological variables. SN - 1540-5958 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23763714/Music_perceived_arousal_and_intensity:_psychophysiological_reactions_to_Chopin's_"Tristesse"_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -