[Simultaneous determination of four trace aconitum alkaloids in urine using ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry].Se Pu. 2013 Mar; 31(3):211-7.SP
A rapid, specific and sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of four trace alkaloids, including aconitine (AC), hypaconitine (HA), mesaconitine (MA) and yunaconitine (YA) in human urine samples. UPLC-MS-MS system coupled with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source was performed in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The sample preparation was performed with hollow fiber microextraction (HF-LPME) prior to the analysis. The enrichment factors of the four alkaloids were 102 - 301. The separation was applied on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (50 mm x 2.1 mm, 1.7 micro m) with a gradient elution of acetonitrile and 10 mmol/L NH4HCO3, as mobile phase. The retention times , were less than 3 min. This method significantly improved the detection sensitivity, and the limits of quantitation were from 0. 01 to 0.1 ng/L. The calibration curves were linear over the ranges of 0.01 - 10 ng/L for AC, MA and YA, 0.1 - 100 ng/L for HA in human urine samples, and the correlation coefficients were 0. 998 1, 0.998 4, 0.999 5 and 0.998 6, respectively. The method was proved to be rapid and sensitive for aconitum alkaloid analysis in urine samples.