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Pesticide residues in berries harvested from South-Eastern Poland (2009-2011).
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2013; 64(1):25-9.RP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Poland is a leading grower/producer of berries in Europe that are either eaten raw or processed. As well as berries this includes fruit such as grapes, strawberries and other small fruits. Testing for the presence of active substances in Plant Protection Products, (PPP), in such fruit is however important, as part of measures taken to minimise human intake.

OBJECTIVE

To determine the incidence of pesticide residues in berries harvested from South-Eastern Poland in 2009-2011.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

. Chromatographic separation followed by analytical detection was performed on 250 samples of various test fruits using an accredited methodology: GC/ECD/NPD, together with spectrophotometric detection wherever necessary, according to PN-EN ISO/IEC 17025. As part of previous monitoring, 126 active substances were identified in 2009, 132 in 2010 and 153 in 2011; levels were compared to Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs). RESULTS;. Analyses showed that 46.4% of samples contained PPPs of which 4% exceeded the MRL. The most were found in raspberries, (58.8% of all tested), followed by 58.3% redcurrants, and gooseberries as well as 50% grapes. The most frequently found active substances of PPPs were pyrimethanil (15.6%), dithiocarbamates (12.4%), procymidone (8%), cyprodinil (5.6%) and difenoconazole (5.2%). The highest MRL exceedances were found in blackcurrants. Testing also revealed many examples of pesticides not recommended for the protection of specific crops: propiconazole in gooseberries, cyprodinil, flusilazole, iprodione, pyrimethanil in blackcurrants and folpet and captan in raspberries. Furthermore, active substances whose use in PPPs have been forbidden since 2008 were also detected, ie. endosulfan in blackcurrants and strawberries, fenitrothion in black and red currants as well as procymidone in raspberries, blackcurrants and strawberries. These data are consistent to those obtained from the whole of Poland and the European Union (EU).

CONCLUSIONS

Most pesticides were present in raspberries, redcurrants, gooseberries and grapes of which fungicides were the most frequently detected. These results are in keeping with other similar studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station in Rzeszów, Poland. a.matyaszek@iorpib.poznan.plNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23789309

Citation

Matyaszek, Aneta, et al. "Pesticide Residues in Berries Harvested From South-Eastern Poland (2009-2011)." Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, vol. 64, no. 1, 2013, pp. 25-9.
Matyaszek A, Szpyrka E, Podbielska M, et al. Pesticide residues in berries harvested from South-Eastern Poland (2009-2011). Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2013;64(1):25-9.
Matyaszek, A., Szpyrka, E., Podbielska, M., Słowik-Borowiec, M., & Kurdziel, A. (2013). Pesticide residues in berries harvested from South-Eastern Poland (2009-2011). Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 64(1), 25-9.
Matyaszek A, et al. Pesticide Residues in Berries Harvested From South-Eastern Poland (2009-2011). Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2013;64(1):25-9. PubMed PMID: 23789309.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pesticide residues in berries harvested from South-Eastern Poland (2009-2011). AU - Matyaszek,Aneta, AU - Szpyrka,Ewa, AU - Podbielska,Magdalena, AU - Słowik-Borowiec,Magdalena, AU - Kurdziel,Anna, PY - 2013/6/25/entrez PY - 2013/6/26/pubmed PY - 2013/8/9/medline SP - 25 EP - 9 JF - Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny JO - Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig VL - 64 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Poland is a leading grower/producer of berries in Europe that are either eaten raw or processed. As well as berries this includes fruit such as grapes, strawberries and other small fruits. Testing for the presence of active substances in Plant Protection Products, (PPP), in such fruit is however important, as part of measures taken to minimise human intake. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of pesticide residues in berries harvested from South-Eastern Poland in 2009-2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS: . Chromatographic separation followed by analytical detection was performed on 250 samples of various test fruits using an accredited methodology: GC/ECD/NPD, together with spectrophotometric detection wherever necessary, according to PN-EN ISO/IEC 17025. As part of previous monitoring, 126 active substances were identified in 2009, 132 in 2010 and 153 in 2011; levels were compared to Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs). RESULTS;. Analyses showed that 46.4% of samples contained PPPs of which 4% exceeded the MRL. The most were found in raspberries, (58.8% of all tested), followed by 58.3% redcurrants, and gooseberries as well as 50% grapes. The most frequently found active substances of PPPs were pyrimethanil (15.6%), dithiocarbamates (12.4%), procymidone (8%), cyprodinil (5.6%) and difenoconazole (5.2%). The highest MRL exceedances were found in blackcurrants. Testing also revealed many examples of pesticides not recommended for the protection of specific crops: propiconazole in gooseberries, cyprodinil, flusilazole, iprodione, pyrimethanil in blackcurrants and folpet and captan in raspberries. Furthermore, active substances whose use in PPPs have been forbidden since 2008 were also detected, ie. endosulfan in blackcurrants and strawberries, fenitrothion in black and red currants as well as procymidone in raspberries, blackcurrants and strawberries. These data are consistent to those obtained from the whole of Poland and the European Union (EU). CONCLUSIONS: Most pesticides were present in raspberries, redcurrants, gooseberries and grapes of which fungicides were the most frequently detected. These results are in keeping with other similar studies. SN - 0035-7715 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23789309/Pesticide_residues_in_berries_harvested_from_South_Eastern_Poland__2009_2011__ L2 - http://wydawnictwa.pzh.gov.pl/roczniki_pzh/download-article?id=961 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -