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Soil contamination by phthalate esters in Chinese intensive vegetable production systems with different modes of use of plastic film.
Environ Pollut. 2013 Sep; 180:265-73.EP

Abstract

The concentrations of six priority phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in intensively managed suburban vegetable soils in Nanjing, east China, were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The total PAE concentrations in the soils ranged widely from 0.15 to 9.68 mg kg(-1) with a median value of 1.70 mg kg(-1), and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), bis-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP) were the most abundant phthalate esters. Soil PAE concentrations depended on the mode of use of plastic film in which PAEs were incorporated as plasticizing agents and both the plastic film and poultry manure appeared to be important sources of soil PAEs. Vegetables in rotation with flooded rice led to lower concentrations of PAEs in soil. The results indicate that agricultural plastic film can be an important source of soil PAE contamination and further research is required to fully elucidate the mechanisms of PAE contamination of intensive agricultural soils with different use modes of use of plastic film.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23792387

Citation

Wang, Jun, et al. "Soil Contamination By Phthalate Esters in Chinese Intensive Vegetable Production Systems With Different Modes of Use of Plastic Film." Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), vol. 180, 2013, pp. 265-73.
Wang J, Luo Y, Teng Y, et al. Soil contamination by phthalate esters in Chinese intensive vegetable production systems with different modes of use of plastic film. Environ Pollut. 2013;180:265-73.
Wang, J., Luo, Y., Teng, Y., Ma, W., Christie, P., & Li, Z. (2013). Soil contamination by phthalate esters in Chinese intensive vegetable production systems with different modes of use of plastic film. Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 180, 265-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.05.036
Wang J, et al. Soil Contamination By Phthalate Esters in Chinese Intensive Vegetable Production Systems With Different Modes of Use of Plastic Film. Environ Pollut. 2013;180:265-73. PubMed PMID: 23792387.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Soil contamination by phthalate esters in Chinese intensive vegetable production systems with different modes of use of plastic film. AU - Wang,Jun, AU - Luo,Yongming, AU - Teng,Ying, AU - Ma,Wenting, AU - Christie,Peter, AU - Li,Zhengao, Y1 - 2013/06/19/ PY - 2012/12/09/received PY - 2013/05/20/revised PY - 2013/05/21/accepted PY - 2013/6/25/entrez PY - 2013/6/25/pubmed PY - 2013/12/18/medline KW - Phthalate esters KW - Plastic film KW - Plasticizers KW - Soil contamination KW - Vegetable production SP - 265 EP - 73 JF - Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) JO - Environ Pollut VL - 180 N2 - The concentrations of six priority phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in intensively managed suburban vegetable soils in Nanjing, east China, were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The total PAE concentrations in the soils ranged widely from 0.15 to 9.68 mg kg(-1) with a median value of 1.70 mg kg(-1), and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), bis-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP) were the most abundant phthalate esters. Soil PAE concentrations depended on the mode of use of plastic film in which PAEs were incorporated as plasticizing agents and both the plastic film and poultry manure appeared to be important sources of soil PAEs. Vegetables in rotation with flooded rice led to lower concentrations of PAEs in soil. The results indicate that agricultural plastic film can be an important source of soil PAE contamination and further research is required to fully elucidate the mechanisms of PAE contamination of intensive agricultural soils with different use modes of use of plastic film. SN - 1873-6424 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23792387/Soil_contamination_by_phthalate_esters_in_Chinese_intensive_vegetable_production_systems_with_different_modes_of_use_of_plastic_film_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0269-7491(13)00285-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -