Molecular characterization of hepatitis A virus isolated from acute infections in Turkey.Turk J Gastroenterol. 2012; 23(6):714-9.TJ
Hepatitis A virus is a global public health problem, especially in developing countries, and the most common cause of hepatitis in childhood. Hepatitis A virus is a single- stranded positive RNA virus subdivided to 6 genotypes (3 human,3 simian). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalent genotype in Turkey using sera of acute hepatitis A virus-infected patients from different geographical regions of the country.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Sera of 137 patients with acute hepatitis A virus from different geographical regions were collected for phylogenetic analysis. The VP1-2A region of the hepatitis A virus genome was amplified by real-time-polymerase chain reaction in 76 patients where possible. Amplified polymerase chain reaction fragments were sequenced, and phylogenetic analysis was done together with other reference hepatitis A virus sequences obtained from GenBank database.
Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the VP1-2A junction of hepatitis A virus showed that the most prevalent genotype in Turkey is IB (100%). Comparison of Turkish isolates and reference sequences of genotype IB showed a similarity of 94.9%. The same comparison was done between Turkish isolates and reference hepatitis A virus genotype IB and HM175, and it was found that similarity between them ranged from 93.0-95.9%. When Turkish isolates were compared according to Mean Percentage Nucleotide Distance analysis, similarity ranged between 95.3%-100%.
Phylogenetic analysis pointed out that all Turkish isolates belong to genotype IB. Sequence analysis is a useful tool in revealing hepatitis A outbreaks, and allows us to detect and distinguish the presence of epidemic and small outbreaks.