Associations of the PTEN -9C>G polymorphism with insulin sensitivity and central obesity in Chinese.Gene 2013; 527(2):545-52GENE
Phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 gene (PTEN) is known as a tumor-suppressor gene. Previous studies demonstrated that PTEN dysfunction affects the function of insulin. However, investigations of PTEN single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and IR-related disease associations are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether its polymorphism could be involved in the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS).
The genotype frequency of PTEN -9C>G polymorphism was determined by using a Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) method in 530 subjects with MetS and 202 healthy control subjects of the Han Ethnic Chinese population in a case-control analysis.
The PTEN -9C>G polymorphism was not associated with MetS or its hyperglycemia, hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia components. In the control individuals aged <60 years or ≥60 years, the CG genotype individuals had lower insulin sensitivity than CC individuals (P<0.05). In the <60-year-old MetS group and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) subgroup, the CG individuals had lower insulin sensitivity and higher waist circumference (WC) and waist-height-ratio (WHtR) than CC individuals (P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the PTEN polymorphism (P=0.001) contributed independently to 4.2% (adjusted R(2)) of insulin sensitivity variance (estimated by Matsuda ISI), while age (P=0.004), gender (P=0.000) and the PTEN polymorphism (P=0.032) contributed independently to 5.6% (adjusted R(2)) of WHtR variance.
The CG genotype of PTEN -9C>G polymorphism was not associated with MetS and some of its components as well. However, it may not only decrease insulin sensitivity in the healthy control and MetS in pre-elderly or NGT subjects, but may also increase the risk of central obesity among these MetS individuals.