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Alcohol outlet density and violence: the role of risky retailers and alcohol-related expenditures.
Alcohol Alcohol. 2013 Sep-Oct; 48(5):613-9.AA

Abstract

AIMS

The aim of the study was to assess the association between alcohol outlet density and violence controlling for alcohol expenditures and the density of other retailers.

METHODS

Cross-sectional ecological study of 1816 block groups in Philadelphia. We obtained 2010 data for aggravated assaults, alcohol outlets, alcohol expenditures, business points, land use and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. We mapped the spatial distribution of alcohol outlets and aggravated assaults using a geographic information system. We estimated the association between assault density and total, on-premise and off-premise alcohol outlet densities using spatial regression models and controlling for the covariates of urban crime rates, alcohol expenditures, and the presence of other general and risky commercial retail outlets.

RESULTS

The strong and positive association between alcohol outlet density and violence remained after controlling for alcohol expenditures and the density of other retailers.

CONCLUSION

Findings support the concept that off-premise alcohol outlets in the neighborhood environment may impact health and social outcomes. The positive outlet-violence association in the face of these controls means it is not an association due solely to alcohol availability or to retail density. It also suggests that there is something unique about alcohol outlets or their density that makes them crime generators and links them to violence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Analysis Laboratory, College of Information Science and Technology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. grubesic@drexel.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23797279

Citation

Grubesic, Tony H., et al. "Alcohol Outlet Density and Violence: the Role of Risky Retailers and Alcohol-related Expenditures." Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), vol. 48, no. 5, 2013, pp. 613-9.
Grubesic TH, Pridemore WA, Williams DA, et al. Alcohol outlet density and violence: the role of risky retailers and alcohol-related expenditures. Alcohol Alcohol. 2013;48(5):613-9.
Grubesic, T. H., Pridemore, W. A., Williams, D. A., & Philip-Tabb, L. (2013). Alcohol outlet density and violence: the role of risky retailers and alcohol-related expenditures. Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire), 48(5), 613-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agt055
Grubesic TH, et al. Alcohol Outlet Density and Violence: the Role of Risky Retailers and Alcohol-related Expenditures. Alcohol Alcohol. 2013 Sep-Oct;48(5):613-9. PubMed PMID: 23797279.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol outlet density and violence: the role of risky retailers and alcohol-related expenditures. AU - Grubesic,Tony H, AU - Pridemore,William Alex, AU - Williams,Dominique A, AU - Philip-Tabb,Loni, Y1 - 2013/06/23/ PY - 2013/6/26/entrez PY - 2013/6/26/pubmed PY - 2014/4/9/medline SP - 613 EP - 9 JF - Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire) JO - Alcohol Alcohol. VL - 48 IS - 5 N2 - AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the association between alcohol outlet density and violence controlling for alcohol expenditures and the density of other retailers. METHODS: Cross-sectional ecological study of 1816 block groups in Philadelphia. We obtained 2010 data for aggravated assaults, alcohol outlets, alcohol expenditures, business points, land use and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. We mapped the spatial distribution of alcohol outlets and aggravated assaults using a geographic information system. We estimated the association between assault density and total, on-premise and off-premise alcohol outlet densities using spatial regression models and controlling for the covariates of urban crime rates, alcohol expenditures, and the presence of other general and risky commercial retail outlets. RESULTS: The strong and positive association between alcohol outlet density and violence remained after controlling for alcohol expenditures and the density of other retailers. CONCLUSION: Findings support the concept that off-premise alcohol outlets in the neighborhood environment may impact health and social outcomes. The positive outlet-violence association in the face of these controls means it is not an association due solely to alcohol availability or to retail density. It also suggests that there is something unique about alcohol outlets or their density that makes them crime generators and links them to violence. SN - 1464-3502 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23797279/Alcohol_outlet_density_and_violence:_the_role_of_risky_retailers_and_alcohol_related_expenditures_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/alcalc/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/alcalc/agt055 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -