Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

A study examining depression in restless legs syndrome.
Asian J Psychiatr 2013; 6(4):308-12AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Distress is known to occur in RLS subjects consequent to symptoms. However, studies regarding prevalence of depression in RLS are scarce. This study was conducted to find out prevalence of depression in RLS patients and to explore possible underlying factors.

METHOD

112 consecutive RLS subjects presenting to sleep-clinic were included in this study. History regarding RLS, depression and sleep-disturbances was sought. Depression and insomnia were diagnosed using DSM-IV-TR criteria. Subjects were specifically asked whether they had depressive episodes in past one year. Severity of RLS and insomnia was measured using Hindi versions of IRLS and ISI, respectively. Family history of depression and RLS was also asked.

RESULTS

One year prevalence of depression was 41.8%. MDD was reported by 33% and dysthymia by 8.8%. Both the groups were comparable with respects to demographic and clinical features, viz., age, gender, duration, severity and family history of RLS. Duration, number of episodes and severity of insomnia were comparable between groups, so was the family history of depression. In 37.8% of the subjects with MDD, depressive symptoms preceded RLS while in 51.4% of them, they followed onset of RLS. Total duration of RLS symptoms did not correlate with total duration of depression (r(2)=0.07; P=0.64).

CONCLUSION

Clinical depression is seen in more than a third of RLS patients. Depression is not affected by clinical picture of RLS and it is not consequent to sleep disturbance. Perhaps, it is a co-morbid condition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Ram Nagar, Doiwala, Dehradun 248140, India. sleepdoc.ravi@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23810138

Citation

Gupta, Ravi, et al. "A Study Examining Depression in Restless Legs Syndrome." Asian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 6, no. 4, 2013, pp. 308-12.
Gupta R, Lahan V, Goel D. A study examining depression in restless legs syndrome. Asian J Psychiatr. 2013;6(4):308-12.
Gupta, R., Lahan, V., & Goel, D. (2013). A study examining depression in restless legs syndrome. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 6(4), pp. 308-12. doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2013.01.011.
Gupta R, Lahan V, Goel D. A Study Examining Depression in Restless Legs Syndrome. Asian J Psychiatr. 2013;6(4):308-12. PubMed PMID: 23810138.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A study examining depression in restless legs syndrome. AU - Gupta,Ravi, AU - Lahan,Vivekananda, AU - Goel,Deepak, Y1 - 2013/03/13/ PY - 2012/09/11/received PY - 2013/01/11/revised PY - 2013/01/20/accepted PY - 2013/7/2/entrez PY - 2013/7/3/pubmed PY - 2013/10/22/medline SP - 308 EP - 12 JF - Asian journal of psychiatry JO - Asian J Psychiatr VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Distress is known to occur in RLS subjects consequent to symptoms. However, studies regarding prevalence of depression in RLS are scarce. This study was conducted to find out prevalence of depression in RLS patients and to explore possible underlying factors. METHOD: 112 consecutive RLS subjects presenting to sleep-clinic were included in this study. History regarding RLS, depression and sleep-disturbances was sought. Depression and insomnia were diagnosed using DSM-IV-TR criteria. Subjects were specifically asked whether they had depressive episodes in past one year. Severity of RLS and insomnia was measured using Hindi versions of IRLS and ISI, respectively. Family history of depression and RLS was also asked. RESULTS: One year prevalence of depression was 41.8%. MDD was reported by 33% and dysthymia by 8.8%. Both the groups were comparable with respects to demographic and clinical features, viz., age, gender, duration, severity and family history of RLS. Duration, number of episodes and severity of insomnia were comparable between groups, so was the family history of depression. In 37.8% of the subjects with MDD, depressive symptoms preceded RLS while in 51.4% of them, they followed onset of RLS. Total duration of RLS symptoms did not correlate with total duration of depression (r(2)=0.07; P=0.64). CONCLUSION: Clinical depression is seen in more than a third of RLS patients. Depression is not affected by clinical picture of RLS and it is not consequent to sleep disturbance. Perhaps, it is a co-morbid condition. SN - 1876-2026 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23810138/A_study_examining_depression_in_restless_legs_syndrome_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1876-2018(13)00056-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -