A novel aptasensor for the ultra-sensitive detection of adenosine triphosphate via aptamer/quantum dot based resonance energy transfer.Analyst. 2013 Sep 07; 138(17):4732-6.A
We designed a novel aptamer based biosensor (aptasensor) for ultrasensitive detection of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) through resonance energy transfer (RET). The ATP aptamer was modified with Cy3 at the 3' end, and a green quantum dot (525) was attached to the 5' end of its complementary sequence respectively. The ATP aptamer and its complementary sequence could assemble into a duplex structure in the absence of target ATP, and then decrease the distance between the quantum dot and Cy3 which could produce significant RET signal. Upon ATP binding, the ATP aptamer could dissociate with its complementary sequence and then increase the distance between the quantum dot and Cy3 which would significantly decrease the RET signal. Therefore, the ATP detection could be easily achieved through detection of the fluorescence intensity ratio between 525 nm and 560 nm. The results show that the emission fluorescence intensity ratio of 525/560 is linearly related to the logarithmic concentration of ATP. The linear range of this aptasensor is from 0.1 nM to 1 μM, and the detection limit is lower down to 0.01 nM. Excellent selectivity of this aptasensor for ATP has been demonstrated through the detection of thymidine triphosphate (TTP), cytidine triphosphate (CTP), guanosine triphosphate (GTP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) respectively as control. The method we described here could easily detect ATP with excellent selectivity, linearity and sensitivity down to the nanomolar range, as well as avoid photobleaching.