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Neck, shoulder and low back pain in secondary schoolchildren in relation to schoolbag carriage: should the recommended weight limits be gender-specific?

Abstract

The occurrence of neck, shoulder and low back complaints in relation to schoolbag carriage and other potential risk factors were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 586 Iranian schoolchildren aged 12-14 years. The average load carried by schoolchildren was 2.8 kg. Neck, shoulder and low back complaints during the preceding month were reported by 35.3%, 26.1% and 33% of the students, respectively. Gender was an independent factor predicting musculoskeletal symptoms in schoolchildren. Girls were more likely than boys to suffer from neck, shoulder and low back complaints, although there was no significant difference between genders in terms of schoolbag carriage variables. The findings suggest that the recommended weight limit for schoolbag carriage may need to differ between boys and girls. The associations between schoolbag variables and reported symptoms are also discussed. The results provide evidence that the current weight limit should consider a broader combination of factors that influence the use of schoolbags.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: dianati@tbzmed.ac.ir.

    ,

    Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: n.sorkhi_68@yahoo.com.

    ,

    Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: a.poorhosein@yahoo.com.

    ,

    Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: arezou.ap70@yahoo.com.

    Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: m_asghari862@yahoo.com.

    Source

    Applied ergonomics 45:3 2014 May pg 437-42

    MeSH

    Child
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Humans
    Low Back Pain
    Male
    Neck Pain
    School Health Services
    Sex Factors
    Shoulder Pain
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Weight-Bearing

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    23827662

    Citation

    Dianat, Iman, et al. "Neck, Shoulder and Low Back Pain in Secondary Schoolchildren in Relation to Schoolbag Carriage: Should the Recommended Weight Limits Be Gender-specific?" Applied Ergonomics, vol. 45, no. 3, 2014, pp. 437-42.
    Dianat I, Sorkhi N, Pourhossein A, et al. Neck, shoulder and low back pain in secondary schoolchildren in relation to schoolbag carriage: should the recommended weight limits be gender-specific? Appl Ergon. 2014;45(3):437-42.
    Dianat, I., Sorkhi, N., Pourhossein, A., Alipour, A., & Asghari-Jafarabadi, M. (2014). Neck, shoulder and low back pain in secondary schoolchildren in relation to schoolbag carriage: should the recommended weight limits be gender-specific? Applied Ergonomics, 45(3), pp. 437-42. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2013.06.003.
    Dianat I, et al. Neck, Shoulder and Low Back Pain in Secondary Schoolchildren in Relation to Schoolbag Carriage: Should the Recommended Weight Limits Be Gender-specific. Appl Ergon. 2014;45(3):437-42. PubMed PMID: 23827662.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Neck, shoulder and low back pain in secondary schoolchildren in relation to schoolbag carriage: should the recommended weight limits be gender-specific? AU - Dianat,Iman, AU - Sorkhi,Nasibeh, AU - Pourhossein,Aida, AU - Alipour,Arezou, AU - Asghari-Jafarabadi,Mohammad, Y1 - 2013/07/01/ PY - 2012/05/16/received PY - 2013/06/06/revised PY - 2013/06/06/accepted PY - 2013/7/6/entrez PY - 2013/7/6/pubmed PY - 2014/10/21/medline KW - Adolescents KW - Backpack KW - Musculoskeletal pain SP - 437 EP - 42 JF - Applied ergonomics JO - Appl Ergon VL - 45 IS - 3 N2 - The occurrence of neck, shoulder and low back complaints in relation to schoolbag carriage and other potential risk factors were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 586 Iranian schoolchildren aged 12-14 years. The average load carried by schoolchildren was 2.8 kg. Neck, shoulder and low back complaints during the preceding month were reported by 35.3%, 26.1% and 33% of the students, respectively. Gender was an independent factor predicting musculoskeletal symptoms in schoolchildren. Girls were more likely than boys to suffer from neck, shoulder and low back complaints, although there was no significant difference between genders in terms of schoolbag carriage variables. The findings suggest that the recommended weight limit for schoolbag carriage may need to differ between boys and girls. The associations between schoolbag variables and reported symptoms are also discussed. The results provide evidence that the current weight limit should consider a broader combination of factors that influence the use of schoolbags. SN - 1872-9126 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23827662/Neck_shoulder_and_low_back_pain_in_secondary_schoolchildren_in_relation_to_schoolbag_carriage:_Should_the_recommended_weight_limits_be_gender_specific L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0003-6870(13)00127-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -