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Risk and protective factors that distinguish adolescents who attempt suicide from those who only consider suicide in the past year.
Suicide Life Threat Behav 2014; 44(1):6-22SL

Abstract

Data from the 2010 Minnesota Student Survey was analyzed to identify risk and protective factors that distinguished adolescents across three groups: no suicidality, suicidal ideation only, and suicide attempt. The population-based sample included 70,022 students in grades 9 and 12. Hopelessness and depressive symptoms emerged as important risk factors to distinguish youth who reported suicidal ideation or behavior from those without a history of suicidality. However, these factors were not as important in differentiating adolescents who attempted suicidal from those who considered suicide but did not act on their thoughts. Instead, for both genders, self-injury represented the most important factor to distinguish these youth. Other risk factors that differentiated the latter groups, but not the former groups, for males were dating violence victimization and cigarette smoking, and for females was a same-sex sexual experience. Running away from home also seemed to increase the risk of a suicide attempt among youth in this study. Parent connectedness and academic achievement emerged as important protective factors to differentiate all the groups, yet neighborhood safety appeared to protect against the transition from suicidal thoughts to behavior. Findings from this study suggest risk and protective factors practitioners should target in clinical assessments and intervention programs to help prevent suicidal behavior among youth at greatest risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23855367

Citation

Taliaferro, Lindsay A., and Jennifer J. Muehlenkamp. "Risk and Protective Factors That Distinguish Adolescents Who Attempt Suicide From Those Who Only Consider Suicide in the Past Year." Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior, vol. 44, no. 1, 2014, pp. 6-22.
Taliaferro LA, Muehlenkamp JJ. Risk and protective factors that distinguish adolescents who attempt suicide from those who only consider suicide in the past year. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2014;44(1):6-22.
Taliaferro, L. A., & Muehlenkamp, J. J. (2014). Risk and protective factors that distinguish adolescents who attempt suicide from those who only consider suicide in the past year. Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior, 44(1), pp. 6-22. doi:10.1111/sltb.12046.
Taliaferro LA, Muehlenkamp JJ. Risk and Protective Factors That Distinguish Adolescents Who Attempt Suicide From Those Who Only Consider Suicide in the Past Year. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2014;44(1):6-22. PubMed PMID: 23855367.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk and protective factors that distinguish adolescents who attempt suicide from those who only consider suicide in the past year. AU - Taliaferro,Lindsay A, AU - Muehlenkamp,Jennifer J, Y1 - 2013/07/15/ PY - 2012/11/28/received PY - 2013/04/20/accepted PY - 2013/7/17/entrez PY - 2013/7/17/pubmed PY - 2015/2/13/medline SP - 6 EP - 22 JF - Suicide & life-threatening behavior JO - Suicide Life Threat Behav VL - 44 IS - 1 N2 - Data from the 2010 Minnesota Student Survey was analyzed to identify risk and protective factors that distinguished adolescents across three groups: no suicidality, suicidal ideation only, and suicide attempt. The population-based sample included 70,022 students in grades 9 and 12. Hopelessness and depressive symptoms emerged as important risk factors to distinguish youth who reported suicidal ideation or behavior from those without a history of suicidality. However, these factors were not as important in differentiating adolescents who attempted suicidal from those who considered suicide but did not act on their thoughts. Instead, for both genders, self-injury represented the most important factor to distinguish these youth. Other risk factors that differentiated the latter groups, but not the former groups, for males were dating violence victimization and cigarette smoking, and for females was a same-sex sexual experience. Running away from home also seemed to increase the risk of a suicide attempt among youth in this study. Parent connectedness and academic achievement emerged as important protective factors to differentiate all the groups, yet neighborhood safety appeared to protect against the transition from suicidal thoughts to behavior. Findings from this study suggest risk and protective factors practitioners should target in clinical assessments and intervention programs to help prevent suicidal behavior among youth at greatest risk. SN - 1943-278X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23855367/Risk_and_protective_factors_that_distinguish_adolescents_who_attempt_suicide_from_those_who_only_consider_suicide_in_the_past_year_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12046 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -