NME1 suppression promotes growth, adhesion and implantation of endometrial stromal cells via Akt and MAPK/Erk1/2 signal pathways in the endometriotic milieu.Hum Reprod. 2013 Oct; 28(10):2822-31.HR
Is Nometastatic gene 23-H1 (NME1, also known as nm23-H1) involved in regulating the biological behavior of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), and does it participate in the pathogenesis of endometriosis?
NME1 suppression induces ESC dysfunction in the endometriotic milieu.
WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY
NME1 is a wide-spectrum tumor metastasis suppressor gene that plays an important role in suppressing the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells.
STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION
An in vitro investigation of the effect of NME1 on the proliferation, adhesion and invasion of eutopic ESCs from patients with endometriosis.
PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS
Primary ESCs were prepared from 12 samples of ectopic endometrial tissue (6 peritoneal and 6 ovarian lesions), 18 samples of eutopic endometrial tissues (16 from women with ovarian and 2 from women with pelvic endometriomas) and 12 samples of normal endometrial tissue from women without endometriosis, after the tissues had been analyzed histologically. The growth, invasiveness and adhesion of ESCs were studied by the 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine cell proliferation assay and by the Matrigel invasion and adhesion assay. Additionally, the effects of NME1 on the activation or expression of related regulatory proteins were investigated by in-cell Western and flow cytometry assays.
MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE
Expression of NME1 in ESCs derived from eutopic or ectopic endometrium from women with endometriosis is lower than in ESCs from women without endometriosis. Estrogen could down-regulate NME1 expression in ESCs. Silencing NME1 in ESCs promoted the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), the anti-apoptotic molecule, survivin, and the adhesion-related molecules, integrin β1 and integrin ανβ3. Silencing NME1 also stimulated ESC proliferation, adhesion and invasion but these effects were inhibited by MAPK/Erk and/or Akt blockers.
LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION
Further studies are needed to examine the regulatory mechanism of estrogen on NME1 expression of ESCs.
WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS
Abnormally low expression of NME1 in ESCs may be involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis by up-regulating growth, adhesion and invasion of ESCs via activating the Akt and MAPK/Erk1/2 signal pathways.
STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S)
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (31270969, 31101064 and 81270677) and Program for ZhouXue of Fudan University. None of the authors has any conflict of interest to declare.