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Risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in female help-seeking victims of sexual assault.
Violence Vict. 2013; 28(3):552-68.VV

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common in the aftermath of rape and other sexual assault, but the risk factors leading to PTSD following rape have been shown to differ from those related to PTSD following nonsexual assault. This prospective study examined risk factors for PTSD severity in 148 female help-seeking victims of sexual assault. Approximately 70% of the victims experienced significant levels of traumatization, with 45% reporting symptoms consistent with a probable PTSD diagnosis. Regression analyses showed that relationship with the assailant, number of assailants, the nature of the assault, perceived positive social support, support satisfaction, feeling let down by others, and prior exposure to sexual trauma did not significantly predict PTSD severity at the final level of analysis. In accordance with suggestions by Dancu, Riggs, Hearst-Ikeda, and Shoyer (1996), it is suggested that this is partly caused by a very high degree of traumatization in the sample. Instead, previous nonsexual traumatic experiences and negative affectivity accounted for 30% of the variance in PTSD severity. Although more research is needed on risk factors of assault-related PTSD, these findings suggest that although sexual assault is associated with a high degree of PTSD severity, prior nonsexual victimization and high levels of negative affectivity appear to further increase the vulnerability toward developing symptoms of assault-related PTSD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Psychotraumatology, Denmark.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23862315

Citation

Elklit, Ask, and Dorte M. Christiansen. "Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Female Help-seeking Victims of Sexual Assault." Violence and Victims, vol. 28, no. 3, 2013, pp. 552-68.
Elklit A, Christiansen DM. Risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in female help-seeking victims of sexual assault. Violence Vict. 2013;28(3):552-68.
Elklit, A., & Christiansen, D. M. (2013). Risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in female help-seeking victims of sexual assault. Violence and Victims, 28(3), 552-68.
Elklit A, Christiansen DM. Risk Factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Female Help-seeking Victims of Sexual Assault. Violence Vict. 2013;28(3):552-68. PubMed PMID: 23862315.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in female help-seeking victims of sexual assault. AU - Elklit,Ask, AU - Christiansen,Dorte M, PY - 2013/7/19/entrez PY - 2013/7/19/pubmed PY - 2013/8/30/medline SP - 552 EP - 68 JF - Violence and victims JO - Violence Vict VL - 28 IS - 3 N2 - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common in the aftermath of rape and other sexual assault, but the risk factors leading to PTSD following rape have been shown to differ from those related to PTSD following nonsexual assault. This prospective study examined risk factors for PTSD severity in 148 female help-seeking victims of sexual assault. Approximately 70% of the victims experienced significant levels of traumatization, with 45% reporting symptoms consistent with a probable PTSD diagnosis. Regression analyses showed that relationship with the assailant, number of assailants, the nature of the assault, perceived positive social support, support satisfaction, feeling let down by others, and prior exposure to sexual trauma did not significantly predict PTSD severity at the final level of analysis. In accordance with suggestions by Dancu, Riggs, Hearst-Ikeda, and Shoyer (1996), it is suggested that this is partly caused by a very high degree of traumatization in the sample. Instead, previous nonsexual traumatic experiences and negative affectivity accounted for 30% of the variance in PTSD severity. Although more research is needed on risk factors of assault-related PTSD, these findings suggest that although sexual assault is associated with a high degree of PTSD severity, prior nonsexual victimization and high levels of negative affectivity appear to further increase the vulnerability toward developing symptoms of assault-related PTSD. SN - 0886-6708 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23862315/Risk_factors_for_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_in_female_help_seeking_victims_of_sexual_assault_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.09-135 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -