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Passive sound exposure induces rapid perceptual learning in musicians: event-related potential evidence.
Biol Psychol. 2013 Oct; 94(2):341-53.BP

Abstract

Musicians show enhanced auditory processing compared to nonmusicians. However, the neural basis underlying the effects of musical training on rapid plasticity in auditory processing has not been systematically studied. Here, the rapid (one session) learning-related plastic changes in event-related potential (ERP) responses for pitch and duration deviants between passive blocks were compared between musicians and nonmusicians. Passive blocks were interleaved with an active discrimination task. In addition to musicians having faster and stronger overall source activation for deviating sounds, source analysis revealed rapid plastic changes in the left and right temporal and left frontal sources that were present only in musicians. Source activation decreased in these areas even without focused attention. Furthermore, deviant-related ERP responses above the parietal areas decreased after the active task in both musicians and nonmusicians. Taken together, the results indicate enhanced rapid plasticity in sound change discrimination and perceptual learning in musicians when compared with nonmusicians.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Cognitive Science, Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Center of Excellence in Interdisciplinary Music Research, Department of Music, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Electronic address: miia.seppanen@helsinki.fi.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23886959

Citation

Seppänen, Miia, et al. "Passive Sound Exposure Induces Rapid Perceptual Learning in Musicians: Event-related Potential Evidence." Biological Psychology, vol. 94, no. 2, 2013, pp. 341-53.
Seppänen M, Hämäläinen J, Pesonen AK, et al. Passive sound exposure induces rapid perceptual learning in musicians: event-related potential evidence. Biol Psychol. 2013;94(2):341-53.
Seppänen, M., Hämäläinen, J., Pesonen, A. K., & Tervaniemi, M. (2013). Passive sound exposure induces rapid perceptual learning in musicians: event-related potential evidence. Biological Psychology, 94(2), 341-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.07.004
Seppänen M, et al. Passive Sound Exposure Induces Rapid Perceptual Learning in Musicians: Event-related Potential Evidence. Biol Psychol. 2013;94(2):341-53. PubMed PMID: 23886959.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Passive sound exposure induces rapid perceptual learning in musicians: event-related potential evidence. AU - Seppänen,Miia, AU - Hämäläinen,Jarmo, AU - Pesonen,Anu-Katriina, AU - Tervaniemi,Mari, Y1 - 2013/07/22/ PY - 2011/08/24/received PY - 2013/02/20/revised PY - 2013/07/15/accepted PY - 2013/7/27/entrez PY - 2013/7/28/pubmed PY - 2014/5/14/medline KW - Auditory KW - EEG KW - Event-related potential (ERP) KW - Musician KW - Perceptual learning SP - 341 EP - 53 JF - Biological psychology JO - Biol Psychol VL - 94 IS - 2 N2 - Musicians show enhanced auditory processing compared to nonmusicians. However, the neural basis underlying the effects of musical training on rapid plasticity in auditory processing has not been systematically studied. Here, the rapid (one session) learning-related plastic changes in event-related potential (ERP) responses for pitch and duration deviants between passive blocks were compared between musicians and nonmusicians. Passive blocks were interleaved with an active discrimination task. In addition to musicians having faster and stronger overall source activation for deviating sounds, source analysis revealed rapid plastic changes in the left and right temporal and left frontal sources that were present only in musicians. Source activation decreased in these areas even without focused attention. Furthermore, deviant-related ERP responses above the parietal areas decreased after the active task in both musicians and nonmusicians. Taken together, the results indicate enhanced rapid plasticity in sound change discrimination and perceptual learning in musicians when compared with nonmusicians. SN - 1873-6246 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23886959/Passive_sound_exposure_induces_rapid_perceptual_learning_in_musicians:_event_related_potential_evidence_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-0511(13)00177-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -