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Different intakes of n-3 fatty acids among pregnant women in 3 regions of China with contrasting dietary patterns are reflected in maternal but not in umbilical erythrocyte phosphatidylcholine fatty acid composition.
Nutr Res. 2013 Aug; 33(8):613-21.NR

Abstract

There is limited information regarding the intake and status of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in Chinese pregnant women with different dietary patterns. We hypothesize that there will be significant differences in long chain n-3 and n-6 PUFA status in pregnant women from 3 regions of China (river/lake, coastal and inland). Dietary fatty acid intakes and fatty acid profiles in maternal and umbilical erythrocyte phosphatidylcholine (PC) were analyzed. The median daily intakes (mg) of eicosapentanoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the coastal group (64.6 and 93.9, n = 42) were significantly higher than those in the river/lake group (27.9 and 41.8, n = 41) and the inland group (12.1 and 41.1, n = 40). Daily intake of arachidonic acid (AA) was highest (170.2 mg) in the inland group. The median DHA level (%) of maternal erythrocyte PC was comparable between river/lake and inland groups (5.7 vs. 5.6) while both were significantly lower than in coastal group (8.4). The median AA level (%) of maternal erythrocyte PC tended to be lower in the coastal group than in the inland group but the difference was not significant. The AA and DHA levels in umbilical erythrocyte PC were comparable among the 3 groups. In conclusion, differences in long chain n-3 PUFA intake between geographic regions, in particular in DHA, were reflected in differences in maternal erythrocyte PC DHA status but did not result in differences in umbilical erythrocyte PC.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. zhjian6708@yahoo.com.cnNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23890350

Citation

Zhang, Jian, et al. "Different Intakes of N-3 Fatty Acids Among Pregnant Women in 3 Regions of China With Contrasting Dietary Patterns Are Reflected in Maternal but Not in Umbilical Erythrocyte Phosphatidylcholine Fatty Acid Composition." Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), vol. 33, no. 8, 2013, pp. 613-21.
Zhang J, Wang C, Gao Y, et al. Different intakes of n-3 fatty acids among pregnant women in 3 regions of China with contrasting dietary patterns are reflected in maternal but not in umbilical erythrocyte phosphatidylcholine fatty acid composition. Nutr Res. 2013;33(8):613-21.
Zhang, J., Wang, C., Gao, Y., Li, L., Man, Q., Song, P., Meng, L., Du, Z. Y., Miles, E. A., Lie, Ø., Calder, P. C., & Frøyland, L. (2013). Different intakes of n-3 fatty acids among pregnant women in 3 regions of China with contrasting dietary patterns are reflected in maternal but not in umbilical erythrocyte phosphatidylcholine fatty acid composition. Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), 33(8), 613-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2013.05.009
Zhang J, et al. Different Intakes of N-3 Fatty Acids Among Pregnant Women in 3 Regions of China With Contrasting Dietary Patterns Are Reflected in Maternal but Not in Umbilical Erythrocyte Phosphatidylcholine Fatty Acid Composition. Nutr Res. 2013;33(8):613-21. PubMed PMID: 23890350.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Different intakes of n-3 fatty acids among pregnant women in 3 regions of China with contrasting dietary patterns are reflected in maternal but not in umbilical erythrocyte phosphatidylcholine fatty acid composition. AU - Zhang,Jian, AU - Wang,Chunrong, AU - Gao,Yixiong, AU - Li,Lixiang, AU - Man,Qingqing, AU - Song,Pengkun, AU - Meng,Liping, AU - Du,Zhen-Yu, AU - Miles,Elizabeth A, AU - Lie,Øvyind, AU - Calder,Philip C, AU - Frøyland,Livar, Y1 - 2013/06/27/ PY - 2012/10/16/received PY - 2013/05/16/revised PY - 2013/05/23/accepted PY - 2013/7/30/entrez PY - 2013/7/31/pubmed PY - 2014/2/8/medline KW - AA KW - ALA KW - Aquatic foods KW - China KW - DHA KW - DPA KW - Dietary intake KW - Docosahexenoic acid KW - EPA KW - Eicosapentenoic acid KW - Erythrocyte KW - FFQ KW - Human KW - LA KW - LC n-3 PUFA KW - Long chain n-3 fatty acids KW - MUFA KW - PC KW - Pregnancy KW - SFA KW - arachidonic acid KW - docosahexanoic acid KW - docosapentanoic acid KW - eicosapentanoic acid KW - food frequency questionnaire KW - linoleic acid KW - long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids KW - monounsaturated fatty acids KW - phosphatidylcholine KW - saturated fatty acids KW - α-linolenic acid SP - 613 EP - 21 JF - Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) JO - Nutr Res VL - 33 IS - 8 N2 - There is limited information regarding the intake and status of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in Chinese pregnant women with different dietary patterns. We hypothesize that there will be significant differences in long chain n-3 and n-6 PUFA status in pregnant women from 3 regions of China (river/lake, coastal and inland). Dietary fatty acid intakes and fatty acid profiles in maternal and umbilical erythrocyte phosphatidylcholine (PC) were analyzed. The median daily intakes (mg) of eicosapentanoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the coastal group (64.6 and 93.9, n = 42) were significantly higher than those in the river/lake group (27.9 and 41.8, n = 41) and the inland group (12.1 and 41.1, n = 40). Daily intake of arachidonic acid (AA) was highest (170.2 mg) in the inland group. The median DHA level (%) of maternal erythrocyte PC was comparable between river/lake and inland groups (5.7 vs. 5.6) while both were significantly lower than in coastal group (8.4). The median AA level (%) of maternal erythrocyte PC tended to be lower in the coastal group than in the inland group but the difference was not significant. The AA and DHA levels in umbilical erythrocyte PC were comparable among the 3 groups. In conclusion, differences in long chain n-3 PUFA intake between geographic regions, in particular in DHA, were reflected in differences in maternal erythrocyte PC DHA status but did not result in differences in umbilical erythrocyte PC. SN - 1879-0739 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23890350/Different_intakes_of_n_3_fatty_acids_among_pregnant_women_in_3_regions_of_China_with_contrasting_dietary_patterns_are_reflected_in_maternal_but_not_in_umbilical_erythrocyte_phosphatidylcholine_fatty_acid_composition_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0271-5317(13)00119-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -