Impedance-high resolution manometry analysis of patients with nonerosive reflux disease.Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Jan; 12(1):52-7.CG
BACKGROUND & AIMS
Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) contribute to episodes of reflux. Few studies have assessed the frequencies or compositions of TLESRs and reflux episodes in patients with reflux disease. We used combined high-resolution manometry and impedance monitoring to analyze reflux episodes and esophageal motility in these patients, compared with those of healthy individuals.
We evaluated the frequency of TLESRs and the relationship between the reflux pattern and esophageal pressures during TLESRs in 14 patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) and 11 controls. Study participants underwent combined high-resolution manometry and impedance monitoring before and 60 minutes after a solid and liquid meal. The diagnosis of NERD was confirmed by a 24-hour pH impedance test.
The frequency of TLESRs did not differ between patients with NERD and controls. In patients with NERD, TLESRs were associated more often with reflux episodes than in controls (93% ± 6% vs 66% ± 19%; P < .05). Patients with NERD had a higher percentage of pure liquid reflux episodes (33% ± 15% vs 10% ± 2%; P < .05), whereas controls had a higher percentage of mixed reflux episodes (45% ± 16% vs 67% ± 17% in patients with NERD; P < .05). Patients with NERD also had a higher percentage of reflux (liquid and mixed) associated with common cavities (74% ± 18% vs 50% ± 20% in controls; P < .05).
In contrast to previous studies, we found that TLESRs are associated more often with reflux in patients with NERD than control subjects; this association increases when only liquid and mixed refluxes are considered. These findings indicate that factors involved in the occurrence of reflux in patients with NERD during TLESRs are different from those in healthy subjects.