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Investigating the actor effect in moral emotion expectancies across cultures: a comparison of Chinese and Canadian adolescents.
Br J Dev Psychol. 2013 Sep; 31(Pt 3):349-62.BJ

Abstract

The study investigated adolescents' moral emotion expectancies for actions versus inactions across cultures (Chinese vs. Canadian) and different moral rule contexts (rules that prohibit antisocial behaviour vs. rules that prescribe prosocial actions) while controlling for judgements of obligatoriness of moral actions. The sample consisted of 372 teenagers from three grade levels (7-8, 10-11, and 1st-2nd year university). Participants were provided with scenarios depicting moral and immoral actions of self or others. Moral emotion expectancies were assessed following each scenario by asking participants to rate the intensity of various emotions they anticipate for themselves in the given situation. Actions were related to stronger self-evaluative and other-evaluative moral emotion expectancies than inactions in both cultures. Whereas perceived obligatoriness of moral actions was associated with moral emotion expectancies, it did not account for the actor effect. Moreover, Chinese adolescents tended to report stronger negatively charged other-evaluative emotions when observing others engaging in antisocial behaviour and less positive emotions for moral actions. Overall, the study indicates that moral emotion expectancies hinge upon universal moral principles (as exemplified by the actor effect) that interact with cultural values and individuals' moral judgement in complex ways.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Canada. tkrettenauer@wlu.caNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23901847

Citation

Krettenauer, Tobias, and Fanli Jia. "Investigating the Actor Effect in Moral Emotion Expectancies Across Cultures: a Comparison of Chinese and Canadian Adolescents." The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 31, no. Pt 3, 2013, pp. 349-62.
Krettenauer T, Jia F. Investigating the actor effect in moral emotion expectancies across cultures: a comparison of Chinese and Canadian adolescents. Br J Dev Psychol. 2013;31(Pt 3):349-62.
Krettenauer, T., & Jia, F. (2013). Investigating the actor effect in moral emotion expectancies across cultures: a comparison of Chinese and Canadian adolescents. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31(Pt 3), 349-62. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12012
Krettenauer T, Jia F. Investigating the Actor Effect in Moral Emotion Expectancies Across Cultures: a Comparison of Chinese and Canadian Adolescents. Br J Dev Psychol. 2013;31(Pt 3):349-62. PubMed PMID: 23901847.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Investigating the actor effect in moral emotion expectancies across cultures: a comparison of Chinese and Canadian adolescents. AU - Krettenauer,Tobias, AU - Jia,Fanli, Y1 - 2013/03/21/ PY - 2012/06/14/received PY - 2013/02/25/revised PY - 2013/8/2/entrez PY - 2013/8/2/pubmed PY - 2013/9/26/medline SP - 349 EP - 62 JF - The British journal of developmental psychology JO - Br J Dev Psychol VL - 31 IS - Pt 3 N2 - The study investigated adolescents' moral emotion expectancies for actions versus inactions across cultures (Chinese vs. Canadian) and different moral rule contexts (rules that prohibit antisocial behaviour vs. rules that prescribe prosocial actions) while controlling for judgements of obligatoriness of moral actions. The sample consisted of 372 teenagers from three grade levels (7-8, 10-11, and 1st-2nd year university). Participants were provided with scenarios depicting moral and immoral actions of self or others. Moral emotion expectancies were assessed following each scenario by asking participants to rate the intensity of various emotions they anticipate for themselves in the given situation. Actions were related to stronger self-evaluative and other-evaluative moral emotion expectancies than inactions in both cultures. Whereas perceived obligatoriness of moral actions was associated with moral emotion expectancies, it did not account for the actor effect. Moreover, Chinese adolescents tended to report stronger negatively charged other-evaluative emotions when observing others engaging in antisocial behaviour and less positive emotions for moral actions. Overall, the study indicates that moral emotion expectancies hinge upon universal moral principles (as exemplified by the actor effect) that interact with cultural values and individuals' moral judgement in complex ways. SN - 0261-510X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23901847/Investigating_the_actor_effect_in_moral_emotion_expectancies_across_cultures:_a_comparison_of_Chinese_and_Canadian_adolescents_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -