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Evidence for a host role in thermotolerance divergence between populations of the mustard hill coral (Porites astreoides) from different reef environments.
Mol Ecol. 2013 Aug; 22(16):4335-4348.ME

Abstract

Studying the mechanisms that enable coral populations to inhabit spatially varying thermal environments can help evaluate how they will respond in time to the effects of global climate change and elucidate the evolutionary forces that enable or constrain adaptation. Inshore reefs in the Florida Keys experience higher temperatures than offshore reefs for prolonged periods during the summer. We conducted a common garden experiment with heat stress as our selective agent to test for local thermal adaptation in corals from inshore and offshore reefs. We show that inshore corals are more tolerant of a 6-week temperature stress than offshore corals. Compared with inshore corals, offshore corals in the 31 °C treatment showed significantly elevated bleaching levels concomitant with a tendency towards reduced growth. In addition, dinoflagellate symbionts (Symbiodinium sp.) of offshore corals exhibited reduced photosynthetic efficiency. We did not detect differences in the frequencies of major (>5%) haplotypes comprising Symbiodinium communities hosted by inshore and offshore corals, nor did we observe frequency shifts ('shuffling') in response to thermal stress. Instead, coral host populations showed significant genetic divergence between inshore and offshore reefs, suggesting that in Porites astreoides, the coral host might play a prominent role in holobiont thermotolerance. Our results demonstrate that coral populations inhabiting reefs <10-km apart can exhibit substantial differences in their physiological response to thermal stress, which could impact their population dynamics under climate change.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0990, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, 17 Biological Lane, St. George, GE01, Bermuda. Mote Marine Laboratory, 24244 Overseas Highway, Summerland Key, FL, 33042, USA.Section of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0990, Austin, TX, 78712, USA. Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International, 800 Cherokee Avenue, Atlanta, GA, 30315, USA.Section of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0990, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.Mote Marine Laboratory, 24244 Overseas Highway, Summerland Key, FL, 33042, USA.Section of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0990, Austin, TX, 78712, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23906315

Citation

Kenkel, C D., et al. "Evidence for a Host Role in Thermotolerance Divergence Between Populations of the Mustard Hill Coral (Porites Astreoides) From Different Reef Environments." Molecular Ecology, vol. 22, no. 16, 2013, pp. 4335-4348.
Kenkel CD, Goodbody-Gringley G, Caillaud D, et al. Evidence for a host role in thermotolerance divergence between populations of the mustard hill coral (Porites astreoides) from different reef environments. Mol Ecol. 2013;22(16):4335-4348.
Kenkel, C. D., Goodbody-Gringley, G., Caillaud, D., Davies, S. W., Bartels, E., & Matz, M. V. (2013). Evidence for a host role in thermotolerance divergence between populations of the mustard hill coral (Porites astreoides) from different reef environments. Molecular Ecology, 22(16), 4335-4348. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12391
Kenkel CD, et al. Evidence for a Host Role in Thermotolerance Divergence Between Populations of the Mustard Hill Coral (Porites Astreoides) From Different Reef Environments. Mol Ecol. 2013;22(16):4335-4348. PubMed PMID: 23906315.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evidence for a host role in thermotolerance divergence between populations of the mustard hill coral (Porites astreoides) from different reef environments. AU - Kenkel,C D, AU - Goodbody-Gringley,G, AU - Caillaud,D, AU - Davies,S W, AU - Bartels,E, AU - Matz,M V, Y1 - 2013/07/30/ PY - 2013/02/19/received PY - 2013/05/06/revised PY - 2013/05/08/accepted PY - 2013/8/3/entrez PY - 2013/8/3/pubmed PY - 2014/2/28/medline KW - Porites astreoides KW - acclimatization KW - coral KW - local adaptation KW - population structure KW - thermotolerance SP - 4335 EP - 4348 JF - Molecular ecology JO - Mol Ecol VL - 22 IS - 16 N2 - Studying the mechanisms that enable coral populations to inhabit spatially varying thermal environments can help evaluate how they will respond in time to the effects of global climate change and elucidate the evolutionary forces that enable or constrain adaptation. Inshore reefs in the Florida Keys experience higher temperatures than offshore reefs for prolonged periods during the summer. We conducted a common garden experiment with heat stress as our selective agent to test for local thermal adaptation in corals from inshore and offshore reefs. We show that inshore corals are more tolerant of a 6-week temperature stress than offshore corals. Compared with inshore corals, offshore corals in the 31 °C treatment showed significantly elevated bleaching levels concomitant with a tendency towards reduced growth. In addition, dinoflagellate symbionts (Symbiodinium sp.) of offshore corals exhibited reduced photosynthetic efficiency. We did not detect differences in the frequencies of major (>5%) haplotypes comprising Symbiodinium communities hosted by inshore and offshore corals, nor did we observe frequency shifts ('shuffling') in response to thermal stress. Instead, coral host populations showed significant genetic divergence between inshore and offshore reefs, suggesting that in Porites astreoides, the coral host might play a prominent role in holobiont thermotolerance. Our results demonstrate that coral populations inhabiting reefs <10-km apart can exhibit substantial differences in their physiological response to thermal stress, which could impact their population dynamics under climate change. SN - 1365-294X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23906315/Evidence_for_a_host_role_in_thermotolerance_divergence_between_populations_of_the_mustard_hill_coral__Porites_astreoides__from_different_reef_environments_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12391 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -