Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Is a Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA)-based assay a valid tool for detecting risky malaria blood donations in Africa?
Malar J. 2013 Aug 08; 12:279.MJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Malaria is a leading cause of mortality in southern Benin. The main causative agent, Plasmodium falciparum, poses a threat on critical transfusions in pregnant women and children. This study's objective was to compare the performance of different malaria screening methods in blood donors in southern Benin, a malaria-endemic country.

METHODS

Blood from 2,515 voluntary blood donors in Benin was collected over a period of 10 months in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tubes, which were then classified according to extraction time: long rainy season, short dry season, short rainy season, and long dry season. Microscopic examination was used to count parasites. Parasite density (PD) was expressed as the number of parasites per μL of blood. Pan Plasmodium pLDH detection was assessed by an ELISA-malaria antigen test. Using crude soluble P. falciparum antigens, an ELISA-malaria antibody test detected anti-Plasmodium antibodies.

RESULTS

Among the 2,515 blood donors (2,025 males and 488 females) screened, the rate of asymptomatic Plasmodium carriage was 295/2,515 (11.72%, 95% CI: 10.5-13.1%). Males had a higher infection rate (12.4%) than did females (8.8%). Parasite density was very low: between seven and100 parasites per μL of blood was reported in 80% of donors with parasitaemia. Three Plasmodium species were diagnosed: P. falciparum in 280/295 patients (95.0%), Plasmodium malariae in 14/295 (5.0%), and Plasmodium ovale in 1/295 (0.34%). Malaria prevalence in donors was higher during the rainy seasons (13.7%) compared with the dry seasons (9.9%). The use of a highly sensitive assay enabled pan Plasmodium pLDH detection in 966/2,515 (38.4%, 95% CI: 36.5%-40.3%). Malaria antibody prevalence was 1,859/2,515 (73.9%, 95% CI: 72.16-75.6%). Donors' antigenaemia and antibody levels varied significantly (P <0.05) over the course of the four seasons. The highest antigenaemia rate 323/630 (51.3%), was observed during the short rainy season, while the highest antibody prevalence, 751/886 (84.7%), was recorded during the long dry season.

CONCLUSION

Blood donations infected with Plasmodium can transmit malaria to donation recipients. Malaria diagnostic methods are currently available, but the feasibility criteria for mass screening in endemic areas become preponderant. Detection of the pLDH antigen seems to be an adequate screening tool in endemic areas, for this antigen indicates parasite presence. Routine screening of all donated blood would prevent infected blood donations and reduce P. falciparum transmission in critical patients, such as children and pregnant women. This tool would also decrease medical prophylaxis in donation recipients and contribute to lower Plasmodium resistance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut de Parasitologie et de Pathologie Tropicale (IPPTS) - Fédération de Médecine Translationnelle, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23927596

Citation

Atchade, Pascal S., et al. "Is a Plasmodium Lactate Dehydrogenase (pLDH) Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent (ELISA)-based Assay a Valid Tool for Detecting Risky Malaria Blood Donations in Africa?" Malaria Journal, vol. 12, 2013, p. 279.
Atchade PS, Doderer-Lang C, Chabi N, et al. Is a Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA)-based assay a valid tool for detecting risky malaria blood donations in Africa? Malar J. 2013;12:279.
Atchade, P. S., Doderer-Lang, C., Chabi, N., Perrotey, S., Abdelrahman, T., Akpovi, C. D., Anani, L., Bigot, A., Sanni, A., & Candolfi, E. (2013). Is a Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA)-based assay a valid tool for detecting risky malaria blood donations in Africa? Malaria Journal, 12, 279. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-12-279
Atchade PS, et al. Is a Plasmodium Lactate Dehydrogenase (pLDH) Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent (ELISA)-based Assay a Valid Tool for Detecting Risky Malaria Blood Donations in Africa. Malar J. 2013 Aug 8;12:279. PubMed PMID: 23927596.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Is a Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA)-based assay a valid tool for detecting risky malaria blood donations in Africa? AU - Atchade,Pascal S, AU - Doderer-Lang,Cécile, AU - Chabi,Nicodème, AU - Perrotey,Sylvie, AU - Abdelrahman,Tamer, AU - Akpovi,Casimir D, AU - Anani,Ludovic, AU - Bigot,André, AU - Sanni,Ambaliou, AU - Candolfi,Ermanno, Y1 - 2013/08/08/ PY - 2013/03/21/received PY - 2013/07/06/accepted PY - 2013/8/10/entrez PY - 2013/8/10/pubmed PY - 2013/11/13/medline SP - 279 EP - 279 JF - Malaria journal JO - Malar J VL - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: Malaria is a leading cause of mortality in southern Benin. The main causative agent, Plasmodium falciparum, poses a threat on critical transfusions in pregnant women and children. This study's objective was to compare the performance of different malaria screening methods in blood donors in southern Benin, a malaria-endemic country. METHODS: Blood from 2,515 voluntary blood donors in Benin was collected over a period of 10 months in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tubes, which were then classified according to extraction time: long rainy season, short dry season, short rainy season, and long dry season. Microscopic examination was used to count parasites. Parasite density (PD) was expressed as the number of parasites per μL of blood. Pan Plasmodium pLDH detection was assessed by an ELISA-malaria antigen test. Using crude soluble P. falciparum antigens, an ELISA-malaria antibody test detected anti-Plasmodium antibodies. RESULTS: Among the 2,515 blood donors (2,025 males and 488 females) screened, the rate of asymptomatic Plasmodium carriage was 295/2,515 (11.72%, 95% CI: 10.5-13.1%). Males had a higher infection rate (12.4%) than did females (8.8%). Parasite density was very low: between seven and100 parasites per μL of blood was reported in 80% of donors with parasitaemia. Three Plasmodium species were diagnosed: P. falciparum in 280/295 patients (95.0%), Plasmodium malariae in 14/295 (5.0%), and Plasmodium ovale in 1/295 (0.34%). Malaria prevalence in donors was higher during the rainy seasons (13.7%) compared with the dry seasons (9.9%). The use of a highly sensitive assay enabled pan Plasmodium pLDH detection in 966/2,515 (38.4%, 95% CI: 36.5%-40.3%). Malaria antibody prevalence was 1,859/2,515 (73.9%, 95% CI: 72.16-75.6%). Donors' antigenaemia and antibody levels varied significantly (P <0.05) over the course of the four seasons. The highest antigenaemia rate 323/630 (51.3%), was observed during the short rainy season, while the highest antibody prevalence, 751/886 (84.7%), was recorded during the long dry season. CONCLUSION: Blood donations infected with Plasmodium can transmit malaria to donation recipients. Malaria diagnostic methods are currently available, but the feasibility criteria for mass screening in endemic areas become preponderant. Detection of the pLDH antigen seems to be an adequate screening tool in endemic areas, for this antigen indicates parasite presence. Routine screening of all donated blood would prevent infected blood donations and reduce P. falciparum transmission in critical patients, such as children and pregnant women. This tool would also decrease medical prophylaxis in donation recipients and contribute to lower Plasmodium resistance. SN - 1475-2875 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23927596/Is_a_Plasmodium_lactate_dehydrogenase__pLDH__enzyme_linked_immunosorbent__ELISA__based_assay_a_valid_tool_for_detecting_risky_malaria_blood_donations_in_Africa L2 - https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2875-12-279 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -