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Communication skills course in an Indian undergraduate dental curriculum: a randomized controlled trial.
J Dent Educ. 2013 Aug; 77(8):1092-8.JD

Abstract

This study assessed the impact of a course on communication skills for third-year undergraduate dental students at a dental institute in India. A randomized pretest, posttest controlled trial was conducted with all the students from four cohorts of third-year dental undergraduate students, divided into an intervention group (n=30) and a control group (n=30). The course was developed using Kern's six-step approach to curriculum development. Needs assessment was ascertained, and readings, lectures, and role-plays with real and simulated patients were implemented. Encounters of students during two patient interviews (simulated and real) were rated by two raters using a twenty-seven-item dental consultation communication checklist with a rating scale 0 to 3. Students completed a questionnaire regarding their acceptance of the course. A 2×2 (group × time) ANOVA with group as a between-subjects factor (control vs. experimental) and time as a within-subjects factor (pre vs. post) was performed. The two groups did not differ at pretest but differed significantly at posttest. This study showed that simply attending to patients during a clinical course did not improve professional communication skills. In contrast, the implementation of a course on communication skills did improve the students' dentist-patient interactions. Integrating the teaching and development of a relevant, outcome-based course on communication skills provided clear evidence of communication skills acquisition among these dental students. The course could be introduced in other Indian dental schools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, JSS Dental College & Hospital, JSSU, Mysore 570015 Karnataka, India. drsunilabs@gmail.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23929580

Citation

Sangappa, Sunila B., and Ara Tekian. "Communication Skills Course in an Indian Undergraduate Dental Curriculum: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Journal of Dental Education, vol. 77, no. 8, 2013, pp. 1092-8.
Sangappa SB, Tekian A. Communication skills course in an Indian undergraduate dental curriculum: a randomized controlled trial. J Dent Educ. 2013;77(8):1092-8.
Sangappa, S. B., & Tekian, A. (2013). Communication skills course in an Indian undergraduate dental curriculum: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Dental Education, 77(8), 1092-8.
Sangappa SB, Tekian A. Communication Skills Course in an Indian Undergraduate Dental Curriculum: a Randomized Controlled Trial. J Dent Educ. 2013;77(8):1092-8. PubMed PMID: 23929580.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Communication skills course in an Indian undergraduate dental curriculum: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Sangappa,Sunila B, AU - Tekian,Ara, PY - 2013/8/10/entrez PY - 2013/8/10/pubmed PY - 2013/11/6/medline KW - India KW - communication skills KW - dental students KW - dentist-patient interaction SP - 1092 EP - 8 JF - Journal of dental education JO - J Dent Educ VL - 77 IS - 8 N2 - This study assessed the impact of a course on communication skills for third-year undergraduate dental students at a dental institute in India. A randomized pretest, posttest controlled trial was conducted with all the students from four cohorts of third-year dental undergraduate students, divided into an intervention group (n=30) and a control group (n=30). The course was developed using Kern's six-step approach to curriculum development. Needs assessment was ascertained, and readings, lectures, and role-plays with real and simulated patients were implemented. Encounters of students during two patient interviews (simulated and real) were rated by two raters using a twenty-seven-item dental consultation communication checklist with a rating scale 0 to 3. Students completed a questionnaire regarding their acceptance of the course. A 2×2 (group × time) ANOVA with group as a between-subjects factor (control vs. experimental) and time as a within-subjects factor (pre vs. post) was performed. The two groups did not differ at pretest but differed significantly at posttest. This study showed that simply attending to patients during a clinical course did not improve professional communication skills. In contrast, the implementation of a course on communication skills did improve the students' dentist-patient interactions. Integrating the teaching and development of a relevant, outcome-based course on communication skills provided clear evidence of communication skills acquisition among these dental students. The course could be introduced in other Indian dental schools. SN - 1930-7837 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23929580/Communication_skills_course_in_an_Indian_undergraduate_dental_curriculum:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0022-0337&date=2013&volume=77&issue=8&spage=1092 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -