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Cigarette smoking, knowledge, attitude and prediction of smoking between male students, teachers and clergymen in tehran, iran, 2009.
Int J Prev Med. 2013 May; 4(5):557-64.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Students, clergymen and teachers as role models can be very important in encouragement or prevention of cigarette smoking in young people. The aim of this study was to compare prevalence of smoking in 3 male groups of teachers, clergymen and university students. Also, study their knowledge and attitude towards it and the prediction of their future consumption.

METHODS

In a cross sectional study in 2009 in Tehran, Iran, 1,271 male students, 549 clergymen and 551 teachers were randomly enrolled. Each participant completed the global adult tobacco survey questionnaire. Knowledge, attitude and prediction of smoking for the next 5 years were questioned in these 3 groups. Chi-squared test and logistic regression were used for analysis. P < 0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS

Prevalence of cigarette smoking was 31.1%, 21.9% and 27.2% among students, clergymen and teachers, respectively. Smoking in students was not associated with poor knowledge but were in teachers and clergymen. The odds ratio of smoking in students, clergymen and teachers was higher among those with having inappropriate attitude towards it (OR = 1.6, 6.1 and 4.5). Those with poor knowledge had an inappropriate attitude and predicted higher chance of cigarette consumption in the next 5 years (P < 0.0001). Inappropriate attitude in all 3 groups resulted in higher prediction of future smoking (P = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS

This study revealed that the prevalence of smoking among male students and teachers was higher than general population and clergymen who equally smoked. Also, level of knowledge and attitude of students were lower than teachers and clergymen.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tobacco Prevention and Control Research Center, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23930167

Citation

Heydari, Gholamreza, et al. "Cigarette Smoking, Knowledge, Attitude and Prediction of Smoking Between Male Students, Teachers and Clergymen in Tehran, Iran, 2009." International Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 4, no. 5, 2013, pp. 557-64.
Heydari G, Yousefifard M, Hosseini M, et al. Cigarette smoking, knowledge, attitude and prediction of smoking between male students, teachers and clergymen in tehran, iran, 2009. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(5):557-64.
Heydari, G., Yousefifard, M., Hosseini, M., Ramezankhani, A., & Masjedi, M. R. (2013). Cigarette smoking, knowledge, attitude and prediction of smoking between male students, teachers and clergymen in tehran, iran, 2009. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4(5), 557-64.
Heydari G, et al. Cigarette Smoking, Knowledge, Attitude and Prediction of Smoking Between Male Students, Teachers and Clergymen in Tehran, Iran, 2009. Int J Prev Med. 2013;4(5):557-64. PubMed PMID: 23930167.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette smoking, knowledge, attitude and prediction of smoking between male students, teachers and clergymen in tehran, iran, 2009. AU - Heydari,Gholamreza, AU - Yousefifard,Mahmoud, AU - Hosseini,Mostafa, AU - Ramezankhani,Ali, AU - Masjedi,Mohammad Reza, PY - 2012/03/09/received PY - 2012/09/13/accepted PY - 2013/8/10/entrez PY - 2013/8/10/pubmed PY - 2013/8/10/medline KW - Attitude KW - cigarette smoking KW - clergymen KW - knowledge KW - student KW - teacher SP - 557 EP - 64 JF - International journal of preventive medicine JO - Int J Prev Med VL - 4 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Students, clergymen and teachers as role models can be very important in encouragement or prevention of cigarette smoking in young people. The aim of this study was to compare prevalence of smoking in 3 male groups of teachers, clergymen and university students. Also, study their knowledge and attitude towards it and the prediction of their future consumption. METHODS: In a cross sectional study in 2009 in Tehran, Iran, 1,271 male students, 549 clergymen and 551 teachers were randomly enrolled. Each participant completed the global adult tobacco survey questionnaire. Knowledge, attitude and prediction of smoking for the next 5 years were questioned in these 3 groups. Chi-squared test and logistic regression were used for analysis. P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Prevalence of cigarette smoking was 31.1%, 21.9% and 27.2% among students, clergymen and teachers, respectively. Smoking in students was not associated with poor knowledge but were in teachers and clergymen. The odds ratio of smoking in students, clergymen and teachers was higher among those with having inappropriate attitude towards it (OR = 1.6, 6.1 and 4.5). Those with poor knowledge had an inappropriate attitude and predicted higher chance of cigarette consumption in the next 5 years (P < 0.0001). Inappropriate attitude in all 3 groups resulted in higher prediction of future smoking (P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that the prevalence of smoking among male students and teachers was higher than general population and clergymen who equally smoked. Also, level of knowledge and attitude of students were lower than teachers and clergymen. SN - 2008-7802 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23930167/Cigarette_smoking_knowledge_attitude_and_prediction_of_smoking_between_male_students_teachers_and_clergymen_in_tehran_iran_2009_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/23930167/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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