[Anesthesiologic and intensive care aspects of severe pre-eclampsia with HELLP syndrome].Anasth Intensivther Notfallmed. 1990 Jun; 25(3):206-11.AI
From 1984 to 1988 22 patients with preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome were treated in our ICU. The HELLP syndrome is defined as preeclampsia complicated by thrombocytopenia, hemolysis and disturbed liver function. 3 patients developed a severe DIC with consumption of hemostatic potential. One patient died in multiorgan failure having a consumption coagulopathy, liver rupture and renal failure. To prevent severe hemostatic complications, it is essential to start therapy of DIC as soon as possible by inhibition of the activated coagulation system. Bleeding caused by blood coagulation disorders can occur spontaneously and during operative treatment. Epidural or spinal anaesthesia should be avoided in patients with HELLP syndrome. Because of severe complications such as respiratory failure, diffuse bleeding caused by DIC and progressive deterioration of the renal and liver function in most of the cases, patients with HELLP syndrome require a close cooperation between obstetrics and anesthesist.