Preparative isoelectric focusing of reduced wheat gluten proteins.Electrophoresis. 1990 Jun; 11(6):462-7.E
Proteins extracted from gluten of the bread wheat cultivar Fiorello 2 in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol or dithiothreitol were separated by isoelectric focusing in a free solution in a pH 3-10 gradient containing 50% v/v 1-propanol or urea. The collected fractions were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in 10% gels (high and medium molecular weight glutenin subunits) and 16% gels (low molecular weight gliadins). The isoelectric focusing pattern of gluten polypeptides in 50% v/v 1-propanol was comparable to that obtained on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, based on isoelectric focusing and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis or nonequilibrium pH gradient electrophoresis and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A similar isoelectric focusing pattern was also observed when 3M urea was used as solvent. New gluten polypeptides, similar in mobility to the high molecular weight subunits of glutenin were detected at acidic pH.