Proximal duodenal prostaglandin E2 release and mucosal bicarbonate secretion are altered in patients with duodenal ulcer.Gastroenterology. 1990 Oct; 99(4):951-5.G
Proximal duodenal mucosal bicarbonate production is impaired in patients with duodenal ulcer disease. Because prostaglandins of the E class increase human proximal duodenal bicarbonate secretion, this study tested the hypothesis that endogenous prostaglandin E2 production is defective in patients with duodenal ulcer. Ten patients, five with active and five with inactive duodenal ulcer disease, were studied along with 10 normal volunteers. The proximal 4 cm of duodenum, the bulb, was isolated and continuously perfused with 154 mmol/L NaCl. Basal bicarbonate secretion was measured for 30 minutes. The test segment was then acidified with a physiological amount of HCl (2 mmol over 5 minutes), and acid-stimulated bicarbonate secretion was measured by pH/PCO2 and back-titration for 55 more minutes. Prostaglandin E2 was measured in the effluents by a radioimmunologic assay validated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Compared with the normal subjects after luminal acidification, the duodenal ulcer patients had significantly greater PGE2 release and decreased total 1-hour bicarbonate output. The peak 5-minute acid-stimulated bicarbonate responses were not significantly different between the duodenal ulcer patients and normal subjects. After luminal acidification, PGE2 output remained elevated in the duodenal ulcer patients but returned promptly to basal in the normal subjects. Furthermore, the ratio of bicarbonate secreted to the amount of PGE2 released was significantly less in the ulcer patients. These findings suggest that patients with duodenal ulcer disease have an impaired mucosal bicarbonate response to endogenous PGE2. The increased acid-stimulated PGE2 response in duodenal ulcer patients suggests a compensatory phenomenon in response to the diminished mucosal bicarbonate production.