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Microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria and uncontrolled blood pressure among diagnosed hypertensive patients: the aspect of racial disparity in the NHANES study.
Hypertens Res. 2013 Dec; 36(12):1100-6.HR

Abstract

Accumulating evidence reveals that albuminuria may exacerbate uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients. However, racial differences in the associations of albuminuria with uncontrolled BP among diagnosed hypertensives have not been evaluated. A total of 6147 diagnosed hypertensive subjects aged ≥ 18 years were collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2008 with stratified multistage sampling designs. Odds ratios (ORs), relative ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in uncontrolled BP, and the different effects of microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria on continuous BP were estimated using weighted logistic models and linear regression models. Hypertensive subjects with microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were more likely to have uncontrolled BP and higher average systolic BP (SBP) in all individual racial groups. Microalbuminuria was associated with isolated uncontrolled SBP in non-Hispanic blacks and whites, and macroalbuminuria was associated with isolated uncontrolled SBP and diastolic BP (DBP) and high average DBP only in non-Hispanic blacks. Compared with non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks and Mexicans had lower associations of microalbuminuria with uncontrolled BP (relative OR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.48-0.97 for blacks vs whites; relative OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.42-0.93 for Mexicans vs. whites) and isolated uncontrolled SBP (relative OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.43-0.90 for blacks vs. whites; relative OR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.29-0.71 for Mexicans vs. whites). The association of microalbuminuria with uncontrolled BP was lower in non-Hispanic blacks and Mexicans than in non-Hispanic whites. Health providers need to improve care for mildly elevated albumin excretion rates in non-Hispanic white hypertensive patients while maintaining the quality of care in non-Hispanic blacks and Mexicans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1] Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA [2] Institute for Quantitative Biology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23945963

Citation

Liu, Xuefeng, et al. "Microalbuminuria, Macroalbuminuria and Uncontrolled Blood Pressure Among Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients: the Aspect of Racial Disparity in the NHANES Study." Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension, vol. 36, no. 12, 2013, pp. 1100-6.
Liu X, Wang K, Wang L, et al. Microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria and uncontrolled blood pressure among diagnosed hypertensive patients: the aspect of racial disparity in the NHANES study. Hypertens Res. 2013;36(12):1100-6.
Liu, X., Wang, K., Wang, L., & Tsilimingras, D. (2013). Microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria and uncontrolled blood pressure among diagnosed hypertensive patients: the aspect of racial disparity in the NHANES study. Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension, 36(12), 1100-6. https://doi.org/10.1038/hr.2013.87
Liu X, et al. Microalbuminuria, Macroalbuminuria and Uncontrolled Blood Pressure Among Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients: the Aspect of Racial Disparity in the NHANES Study. Hypertens Res. 2013;36(12):1100-6. PubMed PMID: 23945963.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria and uncontrolled blood pressure among diagnosed hypertensive patients: the aspect of racial disparity in the NHANES study. AU - Liu,Xuefeng, AU - Wang,Kesheng, AU - Wang,Liang, AU - Tsilimingras,Dennis, Y1 - 2013/08/15/ PY - 2013/02/07/received PY - 2013/04/17/revised PY - 2013/05/09/accepted PY - 2013/8/16/entrez PY - 2013/8/16/pubmed PY - 2014/7/25/medline SP - 1100 EP - 6 JF - Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension JO - Hypertens Res VL - 36 IS - 12 N2 - Accumulating evidence reveals that albuminuria may exacerbate uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients. However, racial differences in the associations of albuminuria with uncontrolled BP among diagnosed hypertensives have not been evaluated. A total of 6147 diagnosed hypertensive subjects aged ≥ 18 years were collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2008 with stratified multistage sampling designs. Odds ratios (ORs), relative ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in uncontrolled BP, and the different effects of microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria on continuous BP were estimated using weighted logistic models and linear regression models. Hypertensive subjects with microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were more likely to have uncontrolled BP and higher average systolic BP (SBP) in all individual racial groups. Microalbuminuria was associated with isolated uncontrolled SBP in non-Hispanic blacks and whites, and macroalbuminuria was associated with isolated uncontrolled SBP and diastolic BP (DBP) and high average DBP only in non-Hispanic blacks. Compared with non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks and Mexicans had lower associations of microalbuminuria with uncontrolled BP (relative OR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.48-0.97 for blacks vs whites; relative OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.42-0.93 for Mexicans vs. whites) and isolated uncontrolled SBP (relative OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.43-0.90 for blacks vs. whites; relative OR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.29-0.71 for Mexicans vs. whites). The association of microalbuminuria with uncontrolled BP was lower in non-Hispanic blacks and Mexicans than in non-Hispanic whites. Health providers need to improve care for mildly elevated albumin excretion rates in non-Hispanic white hypertensive patients while maintaining the quality of care in non-Hispanic blacks and Mexicans. SN - 1348-4214 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23945963/Microalbuminuria_macroalbuminuria_and_uncontrolled_blood_pressure_among_diagnosed_hypertensive_patients:_the_aspect_of_racial_disparity_in_the_NHANES_study_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/highbloodpressure.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -