Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Reduced risk for metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance associated with ovo-lacto-vegetarian behavior in female Buddhists: a case-control study.
PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e71799.Plos

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The association of vegetarian status with the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not clear. In Asia, Buddhists often have vegetarian behavior for religious rather than for health reasons. We hypothesize that the vegetarian in Buddhism is associated with better metabolic profiles, lower risk for the MetS and insulin resistance (IR).

METHODS

We enrolled 391 female vegetarians (~80% lacto-ovo-vegetarians) and 315 non-vegetarians from health-checkup clinics at a Buddhist hospital in Taiwan.

RESULTS

The vegetarian status was associated with lower body mass index, smaller waist circumference, lower total cholesterol, lower low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and lower HDL-C in multivariate linear regression analyses. Despite having lower HDL-C level, the vegetarians had significantly lower total cholesterol/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios. After adjusting the other covariates, the risks for the MetS were lower for ovo-lacto-vegetarians of 1-11 years and >11 years respectively by 54% (odds ratio [OR] =0.46, 95%C.I.:0.26-0.79) and 57% (OR=0.43, 95%C.I.:0.23-0.76) compared to non-vegetarians by the IDF criteria. Likewise, they were lower respectively by 45% (OR=0.55, 95%C.I.:0.32-0.92) and 42% (OR=0.58, 95%C.I.:0.33-0.997), for the MetS by the modified NCEP criteria. In the subgroup of non-diabetic subjects, the vegetarians also had lower risk for IR by HOMA compared to the non-vegetarians (OR=0.71, 95%C.I.:0.48-1.06).

CONCLUSION

The vegetarian behavior, mainly lacto-ovo-vegetarian, related to Buddhism, although not meant for its health effects, is associated with reduced risk for the MetS and IR and may potentially provide metabolic and cardiovascular protective effects in women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, Dalin Tzuchi Hospital, Buddhist Tzuchi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23951247

Citation

Chiang, Jui-Kun, et al. "Reduced Risk for Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance Associated With Ovo-lacto-vegetarian Behavior in Female Buddhists: a Case-control Study." PloS One, vol. 8, no. 8, 2013, pp. e71799.
Chiang JK, Lin YL, Chen CL, et al. Reduced risk for metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance associated with ovo-lacto-vegetarian behavior in female Buddhists: a case-control study. PLoS One. 2013;8(8):e71799.
Chiang, J. K., Lin, Y. L., Chen, C. L., Ouyang, C. M., Wu, Y. T., Chi, Y. C., Huang, K. C., & Yang, W. S. (2013). Reduced risk for metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance associated with ovo-lacto-vegetarian behavior in female Buddhists: a case-control study. PloS One, 8(8), e71799. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0071799
Chiang JK, et al. Reduced Risk for Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance Associated With Ovo-lacto-vegetarian Behavior in Female Buddhists: a Case-control Study. PLoS One. 2013;8(8):e71799. PubMed PMID: 23951247.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reduced risk for metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance associated with ovo-lacto-vegetarian behavior in female Buddhists: a case-control study. AU - Chiang,Jui-Kun, AU - Lin,Ying-Lung, AU - Chen,Chi-Ling, AU - Ouyang,Chung-Mei, AU - Wu,Ying-Tai, AU - Chi,Yu-Chiao, AU - Huang,Kuo-Chin, AU - Yang,Wei-Shiung, Y1 - 2013/08/09/ PY - 2013/03/07/received PY - 2013/06/28/accepted PY - 2013/8/17/entrez PY - 2013/8/21/pubmed PY - 2014/3/4/medline SP - e71799 EP - e71799 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 8 IS - 8 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The association of vegetarian status with the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not clear. In Asia, Buddhists often have vegetarian behavior for religious rather than for health reasons. We hypothesize that the vegetarian in Buddhism is associated with better metabolic profiles, lower risk for the MetS and insulin resistance (IR). METHODS: We enrolled 391 female vegetarians (~80% lacto-ovo-vegetarians) and 315 non-vegetarians from health-checkup clinics at a Buddhist hospital in Taiwan. RESULTS: The vegetarian status was associated with lower body mass index, smaller waist circumference, lower total cholesterol, lower low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and lower HDL-C in multivariate linear regression analyses. Despite having lower HDL-C level, the vegetarians had significantly lower total cholesterol/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios. After adjusting the other covariates, the risks for the MetS were lower for ovo-lacto-vegetarians of 1-11 years and >11 years respectively by 54% (odds ratio [OR] =0.46, 95%C.I.:0.26-0.79) and 57% (OR=0.43, 95%C.I.:0.23-0.76) compared to non-vegetarians by the IDF criteria. Likewise, they were lower respectively by 45% (OR=0.55, 95%C.I.:0.32-0.92) and 42% (OR=0.58, 95%C.I.:0.33-0.997), for the MetS by the modified NCEP criteria. In the subgroup of non-diabetic subjects, the vegetarians also had lower risk for IR by HOMA compared to the non-vegetarians (OR=0.71, 95%C.I.:0.48-1.06). CONCLUSION: The vegetarian behavior, mainly lacto-ovo-vegetarian, related to Buddhism, although not meant for its health effects, is associated with reduced risk for the MetS and IR and may potentially provide metabolic and cardiovascular protective effects in women. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23951247/Reduced_risk_for_metabolic_syndrome_and_insulin_resistance_associated_with_ovo_lacto_vegetarian_behavior_in_female_Buddhists:_a_case_control_study_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0071799 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -