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Intimate partner sexual violence: a comparison of foreign- versus US-born physically abused Latinas.
J Urban Health. 2014 Feb; 91(1):122-35.JU

Abstract

Men's violence against women-particularly intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV)-is associated with the transmission of HIV. Men who physically abuse their female intimate partners often also sexually abuse them. Latinas are one of the fastest growing populations in the USA and at high-risk for contracting HIV, though little is known about IPSV against physically abused Latinas, including whether there is an association between nativity of the victim and the likelihood of sexual violence by intimate partners. This study examined the (1) prevalence of recent (past 6 months) IPSV against 555 physically abused, help-seeking Latinas and (2) relationship of nativity to recent IPSV. This study used data collected in 2002–2003 from participants in one major city on the East Coast and one West Coast county, who were involved in the Risk Assessment Validation (RAVE) Study. The RAVE Study assessed the accuracy of four different methods for predicting risk of future intimate partner violence. IPSV was defined as an abusive male partner physically forcing sex (rape) or making the woman have sex without a condom. Recent IPSV was reported by 38 % of the sample. Among those reporting recent IPSV, multiple assaults were common: 30%of women were raped and 51%were made to have unprotected sex six or more times during the past 6 months. IPSV was significantly associated with nativity. Physically abused Latinas who were foreign born had two times greater odds of reporting recent IPSV than physically abused Latinas born in the USA, after controlling for other demographic covariates. Exploratory post hoc analyses examining all pairwise comparisons of IPSV against Latinas born in the USA, Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean also revealed some significant differences that warrant further study with larger samples. HIV prevention efforts aimed at reducing IPSV in this population are needed.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23959640

Citation

Cavanaugh, Courtenay E., et al. "Intimate Partner Sexual Violence: a Comparison of Foreign- Versus US-born Physically Abused Latinas." Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, vol. 91, no. 1, 2014, pp. 122-35.
Cavanaugh CE, Messing JT, Amanor-Boadu Y, et al. Intimate partner sexual violence: a comparison of foreign- versus US-born physically abused Latinas. J Urban Health. 2014;91(1):122-35.
Cavanaugh, C. E., Messing, J. T., Amanor-Boadu, Y., O'Sullivan, C. O., Webster, D., & Campbell, J. (2014). Intimate partner sexual violence: a comparison of foreign- versus US-born physically abused Latinas. Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 91(1), 122-35.
Cavanaugh CE, et al. Intimate Partner Sexual Violence: a Comparison of Foreign- Versus US-born Physically Abused Latinas. J Urban Health. 2014;91(1):122-35. PubMed PMID: 23959640.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intimate partner sexual violence: a comparison of foreign- versus US-born physically abused Latinas. AU - Cavanaugh,Courtenay E, AU - Messing,Jill T, AU - Amanor-Boadu,Yvonne, AU - O'Sullivan,Chris O, AU - Webster,Daniel, AU - Campbell,Jacquelyn, PY - 2013/8/21/entrez PY - 2013/8/21/pubmed PY - 2014/10/22/medline SP - 122 EP - 35 JF - Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine JO - J Urban Health VL - 91 IS - 1 N2 - Men's violence against women-particularly intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV)-is associated with the transmission of HIV. Men who physically abuse their female intimate partners often also sexually abuse them. Latinas are one of the fastest growing populations in the USA and at high-risk for contracting HIV, though little is known about IPSV against physically abused Latinas, including whether there is an association between nativity of the victim and the likelihood of sexual violence by intimate partners. This study examined the (1) prevalence of recent (past 6 months) IPSV against 555 physically abused, help-seeking Latinas and (2) relationship of nativity to recent IPSV. This study used data collected in 2002–2003 from participants in one major city on the East Coast and one West Coast county, who were involved in the Risk Assessment Validation (RAVE) Study. The RAVE Study assessed the accuracy of four different methods for predicting risk of future intimate partner violence. IPSV was defined as an abusive male partner physically forcing sex (rape) or making the woman have sex without a condom. Recent IPSV was reported by 38 % of the sample. Among those reporting recent IPSV, multiple assaults were common: 30%of women were raped and 51%were made to have unprotected sex six or more times during the past 6 months. IPSV was significantly associated with nativity. Physically abused Latinas who were foreign born had two times greater odds of reporting recent IPSV than physically abused Latinas born in the USA, after controlling for other demographic covariates. Exploratory post hoc analyses examining all pairwise comparisons of IPSV against Latinas born in the USA, Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean also revealed some significant differences that warrant further study with larger samples. HIV prevention efforts aimed at reducing IPSV in this population are needed. SN - 1468-2869 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23959640/Intimate_Partner_Sexual_Violence:_A_Comparison_of_Foreign__Versus_US_Born_Physically_Abused_Latinas_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-013-9817-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -