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Comparison of antimicrobial, antioxidant activities and total phenolic content of Antidesma thwaitesianum fruit extracts by different methods.
J Med Assoc Thai. 2012 Jan; 95 Suppl 1:S147-53.JM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Antidesma thwaitesianum Mull. Arg. is a tropical fruit in Northeast Thailand and its fruits are used for soft drink and healthy food. The biological activities of extracts from Antidesma thwaitesianum using different extraction methods have not been reported.

OBJECTIVE

Extracts from Antidesma thwaitesianum using different extraction methods were tested for antibacterial and antioxidant activities as well as were determined for total phenolic content. Ten extracts were tested for antimicrobial activity by disc diffusion, MIC, and MBC methods. DPPH assay was used to test antioxidant activity and Folin-Ciocalteu 's reagent was used to determine total phenolic content.

RESULTS

The extract obtained by decocting residue after maceration process of dried marc (MRW) exhibited stronger antioxidative power (EC50 = 11.73 microg/ml) than BHT (EC50 = 13.36 microg/ml). This antioxidant activity was related to total phenolic content of 85.77 +/- 0.34 mg GAE/g. This extract also exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (inhibition zone = 8 mm, MIC = 2.5 mg/ml). Moreover the extract obtained by macerating dried marc (MME) exhibited antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis with the same MIC value of 10 mg/ml.

CONCLUSION

All of the extracts of Antidesma thwaitesianum had less potential for antimicrobial activity than Gentamicin and Amphotericin B. On the other hand, the water extract especially obtained by decocting residue after maceration of dry marc had good antioxidant power and the highest total phenolic content. Thus, such water extract should be recommended for a good source of natural antioxidants for commercial uses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Klongluang, Pathumthani, Thailand.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23964458

Citation

Dechayont, Bhanuz, et al. "Comparison of Antimicrobial, Antioxidant Activities and Total Phenolic Content of Antidesma Thwaitesianum Fruit Extracts By Different Methods." Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet, vol. 95 Suppl 1, 2012, pp. S147-53.
Dechayont B, Hansakul P, Itharat A. Comparison of antimicrobial, antioxidant activities and total phenolic content of Antidesma thwaitesianum fruit extracts by different methods. J Med Assoc Thai. 2012;95 Suppl 1:S147-53.
Dechayont, B., Hansakul, P., & Itharat, A. (2012). Comparison of antimicrobial, antioxidant activities and total phenolic content of Antidesma thwaitesianum fruit extracts by different methods. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet, 95 Suppl 1, S147-53.
Dechayont B, Hansakul P, Itharat A. Comparison of Antimicrobial, Antioxidant Activities and Total Phenolic Content of Antidesma Thwaitesianum Fruit Extracts By Different Methods. J Med Assoc Thai. 2012;95 Suppl 1:S147-53. PubMed PMID: 23964458.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of antimicrobial, antioxidant activities and total phenolic content of Antidesma thwaitesianum fruit extracts by different methods. AU - Dechayont,Bhanuz, AU - Hansakul,Pintusorn, AU - Itharat,Arunporn, PY - 2013/8/23/entrez PY - 2012/1/1/pubmed PY - 2013/9/26/medline SP - S147 EP - 53 JF - Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet JO - J Med Assoc Thai VL - 95 Suppl 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Antidesma thwaitesianum Mull. Arg. is a tropical fruit in Northeast Thailand and its fruits are used for soft drink and healthy food. The biological activities of extracts from Antidesma thwaitesianum using different extraction methods have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: Extracts from Antidesma thwaitesianum using different extraction methods were tested for antibacterial and antioxidant activities as well as were determined for total phenolic content. Ten extracts were tested for antimicrobial activity by disc diffusion, MIC, and MBC methods. DPPH assay was used to test antioxidant activity and Folin-Ciocalteu 's reagent was used to determine total phenolic content. RESULTS: The extract obtained by decocting residue after maceration process of dried marc (MRW) exhibited stronger antioxidative power (EC50 = 11.73 microg/ml) than BHT (EC50 = 13.36 microg/ml). This antioxidant activity was related to total phenolic content of 85.77 +/- 0.34 mg GAE/g. This extract also exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (inhibition zone = 8 mm, MIC = 2.5 mg/ml). Moreover the extract obtained by macerating dried marc (MME) exhibited antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis with the same MIC value of 10 mg/ml. CONCLUSION: All of the extracts of Antidesma thwaitesianum had less potential for antimicrobial activity than Gentamicin and Amphotericin B. On the other hand, the water extract especially obtained by decocting residue after maceration of dry marc had good antioxidant power and the highest total phenolic content. Thus, such water extract should be recommended for a good source of natural antioxidants for commercial uses. SN - 0125-2208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23964458/Comparison_of_antimicrobial_antioxidant_activities_and_total_phenolic_content_of_Antidesma_thwaitesianum_fruit_extracts_by_different_methods_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -