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Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine the prevalence of alcohol misuse among HIV-infected individuals.
Int J STD AIDS. 2013 Jul; 24(7):517-21.IJ

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to evaluate alcohol misuse among an inner city adult HIV clinic population with AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). A cross-sectional HIV outpatient clinic analysis between 28 February 2011 and 11 March 2011 was carried out. AUDIT, demographic and clinical data were collected. Univariate analysis was performed to look for the associations between variables. Backward stepwise multivariate analyses were performed on significant variables from the univariate analysis to assess for predictors of alcohol dependence. In total, 111 patients were included (60% uptake of clinic attendees); 66% were men and 26% were hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected. The median AUDIT score was 5 (within normal range). Thirty-four 'AUDIT positive' cases were identified: five (4.5%) indicated consumption of hazardous levels of alcohol; 21 (19%) indicated harmful levels of alcohol; and eight (7%) were likely alcohol dependent. Younger age (<40 years old) was significantly associated with AUDIT positivity (P = 0.006). On multivariate analysis younger age (P = 0.045, odds ratio 13.8) and lower level of education (P = 0.006, odds ratio 6.7) were predictive of scores indicative of alcohol dependence (AUDIT ≥20). In conclusion, younger age and lower educational levels were associated with scores consistent with alcohol dependence. AUDIT was well tolerated and easy to administer in this outpatient HIV clinic population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The GUIDE clinic (Department of Genito-Urinary Medicine & Infectious Diseases), St James's Hospital, James's Street, Dublin 8. saloni_surah@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23970765

Citation

Surah, S, et al. "Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to Determine the Prevalence of Alcohol Misuse Among HIV-infected Individuals." International Journal of STD & AIDS, vol. 24, no. 7, 2013, pp. 517-21.
Surah S, Kieran J, O'Dea S, et al. Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine the prevalence of alcohol misuse among HIV-infected individuals. Int J STD AIDS. 2013;24(7):517-21.
Surah, S., Kieran, J., O'Dea, S., Shiel, C., Raffee, S., Mulcahy, F., Keenan, E., & Lyons, F. (2013). Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine the prevalence of alcohol misuse among HIV-infected individuals. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 24(7), 517-21. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956462412473885
Surah S, et al. Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to Determine the Prevalence of Alcohol Misuse Among HIV-infected Individuals. Int J STD AIDS. 2013;24(7):517-21. PubMed PMID: 23970765.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine the prevalence of alcohol misuse among HIV-infected individuals. AU - Surah,S, AU - Kieran,J, AU - O'Dea,S, AU - Shiel,C, AU - Raffee,S, AU - Mulcahy,F, AU - Keenan,E, AU - Lyons,F, Y1 - 2013/07/19/ PY - 2013/8/24/entrez PY - 2013/8/24/pubmed PY - 2014/2/13/medline KW - AUDIT KW - HIV KW - Ireland KW - alcohol misuse KW - hepatitis C KW - screening SP - 517 EP - 21 JF - International journal of STD & AIDS JO - Int J STD AIDS VL - 24 IS - 7 N2 - The aim of the paper is to evaluate alcohol misuse among an inner city adult HIV clinic population with AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). A cross-sectional HIV outpatient clinic analysis between 28 February 2011 and 11 March 2011 was carried out. AUDIT, demographic and clinical data were collected. Univariate analysis was performed to look for the associations between variables. Backward stepwise multivariate analyses were performed on significant variables from the univariate analysis to assess for predictors of alcohol dependence. In total, 111 patients were included (60% uptake of clinic attendees); 66% were men and 26% were hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected. The median AUDIT score was 5 (within normal range). Thirty-four 'AUDIT positive' cases were identified: five (4.5%) indicated consumption of hazardous levels of alcohol; 21 (19%) indicated harmful levels of alcohol; and eight (7%) were likely alcohol dependent. Younger age (<40 years old) was significantly associated with AUDIT positivity (P = 0.006). On multivariate analysis younger age (P = 0.045, odds ratio 13.8) and lower level of education (P = 0.006, odds ratio 6.7) were predictive of scores indicative of alcohol dependence (AUDIT ≥20). In conclusion, younger age and lower educational levels were associated with scores consistent with alcohol dependence. AUDIT was well tolerated and easy to administer in this outpatient HIV clinic population. SN - 1758-1052 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23970765/Use_of_the_Alcohol_Use_Disorders_Identification_Test__AUDIT__to_determine_the_prevalence_of_alcohol_misuse_among_HIV_infected_individuals_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0956462412473885?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -