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Family process and peer influences on substance use by adolescents.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013 Aug 27; 10(9):3868-85.IJ

Abstract

This study explores the association of family process and peer influences with risk behaviors of adolescents. A total of 805 students were recruited from secondary schools. The results showed that adolescents who have parents who are "authoritarian" (OR = 1.856) were more likely to smoke. Adolescents who have conflicts with their parents (OR = 1.423) were more likely to drink. Those who have parents who are "permissive" were less likely to drink (OR = 0.885). Having friends who smoked (OR = 5.446) or drank (OR = 1.894), and friends' invitation to smoke (OR = 10.455) or drink (OR = 11.825) were the dominant contributors to adolescent smoking and drinking. Interventions are needed that recognize the strength of the parent-child relationship, as well as strengthen family functioning through improved interpersonal, parenting, and monitoring skills.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China. alice.yuen.loke@polyu.edu.hkNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23985772

Citation

Loke, Alice Yuen, and Yim-Wah Mak. "Family Process and Peer Influences On Substance Use By Adolescents." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 10, no. 9, 2013, pp. 3868-85.
Loke AY, Mak YW. Family process and peer influences on substance use by adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10(9):3868-85.
Loke, A. Y., & Mak, Y. W. (2013). Family process and peer influences on substance use by adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(9), 3868-85. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10093868
Loke AY, Mak YW. Family Process and Peer Influences On Substance Use By Adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013 Aug 27;10(9):3868-85. PubMed PMID: 23985772.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Family process and peer influences on substance use by adolescents. AU - Loke,Alice Yuen, AU - Mak,Yim-Wah, Y1 - 2013/08/27/ PY - 2013/05/24/received PY - 2013/08/06/revised PY - 2013/08/15/accepted PY - 2013/8/30/entrez PY - 2013/8/30/pubmed PY - 2014/3/26/medline SP - 3868 EP - 85 JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 10 IS - 9 N2 - This study explores the association of family process and peer influences with risk behaviors of adolescents. A total of 805 students were recruited from secondary schools. The results showed that adolescents who have parents who are "authoritarian" (OR = 1.856) were more likely to smoke. Adolescents who have conflicts with their parents (OR = 1.423) were more likely to drink. Those who have parents who are "permissive" were less likely to drink (OR = 0.885). Having friends who smoked (OR = 5.446) or drank (OR = 1.894), and friends' invitation to smoke (OR = 10.455) or drink (OR = 11.825) were the dominant contributors to adolescent smoking and drinking. Interventions are needed that recognize the strength of the parent-child relationship, as well as strengthen family functioning through improved interpersonal, parenting, and monitoring skills. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23985772/Family_process_and_peer_influences_on_substance_use_by_adolescents_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph10093868 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -