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Integrated environmental assessment of freshwater sediments: a chemical and ecotoxicological approach at the Alqueva reservoir.
Environ Geochem Health. 2014 Apr; 36(2):209-23.EG

Abstract

In order to study the pollution of an aquatic ecosystem, it is necessary to analyze not only the levels of chemical pollutants in water, but also those accumulated in the sediment matrix, as well as to assess its ecotoxicological status. The Alqueva reservoir, the largest artificial lake in Europe, was chosen as case study as it constitutes the most important water supply source in southern Portugal. It is located in the Guadiana River Basin, in a semi-arid region with high levels of water scarcity and where agriculture is one of the main activities. The evaluation of sediments comprised: (1) physical and chemical analysis (grain size, pH, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus); (2) potentially toxic trace elements (Cu, As, Pb, Cr, Cd, Zn and Ni); and (3) ecotoxicological evaluation with Vibrio fischeri, Thamnocephalus platyurus, Daphnia magna, and Heterocypris incongruens. Total trace element concentrations indicated that As, Cd, and Pb surpassed the Canadian levels for the protection of aquatic life, in most of Alqueva's sites. The results of the toxicity assessment showed that some locations induced acute and chronic toxicity in the species used. Further, the H. incongruens was the most sensitive species as far as the contamination found in the sediment is concerned, followed by the bacteria V. fischeri. This integrative approach, together with the water column quality assessment, allowed a comprehensive evaluation of the environmental quality of this strongly modified water body and will allow the implementation of remediation strategies to obtain a good ecological potential as proposed in the Water Framework Directive.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Applied Sciences and Technologies, Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Beja, Rua Pedro Soares S/N, Apartado 6155, 7800-295, Beja, Portugal, ppalma@ipbeja.pt.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23990124

Citation

Palma, P, et al. "Integrated Environmental Assessment of Freshwater Sediments: a Chemical and Ecotoxicological Approach at the Alqueva Reservoir." Environmental Geochemistry and Health, vol. 36, no. 2, 2014, pp. 209-23.
Palma P, Ledo L, Soares S, et al. Integrated environmental assessment of freshwater sediments: a chemical and ecotoxicological approach at the Alqueva reservoir. Environ Geochem Health. 2014;36(2):209-23.
Palma, P., Ledo, L., Soares, S., Barbosa, I. R., & Alvarenga, P. (2014). Integrated environmental assessment of freshwater sediments: a chemical and ecotoxicological approach at the Alqueva reservoir. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 36(2), 209-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-013-9559-2
Palma P, et al. Integrated Environmental Assessment of Freshwater Sediments: a Chemical and Ecotoxicological Approach at the Alqueva Reservoir. Environ Geochem Health. 2014;36(2):209-23. PubMed PMID: 23990124.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Integrated environmental assessment of freshwater sediments: a chemical and ecotoxicological approach at the Alqueva reservoir. AU - Palma,P, AU - Ledo,L, AU - Soares,S, AU - Barbosa,I R, AU - Alvarenga,P, Y1 - 2013/08/29/ PY - 2012/10/26/received PY - 2013/07/17/accepted PY - 2013/8/31/entrez PY - 2013/8/31/pubmed PY - 2014/10/23/medline SP - 209 EP - 23 JF - Environmental geochemistry and health JO - Environ Geochem Health VL - 36 IS - 2 N2 - In order to study the pollution of an aquatic ecosystem, it is necessary to analyze not only the levels of chemical pollutants in water, but also those accumulated in the sediment matrix, as well as to assess its ecotoxicological status. The Alqueva reservoir, the largest artificial lake in Europe, was chosen as case study as it constitutes the most important water supply source in southern Portugal. It is located in the Guadiana River Basin, in a semi-arid region with high levels of water scarcity and where agriculture is one of the main activities. The evaluation of sediments comprised: (1) physical and chemical analysis (grain size, pH, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus); (2) potentially toxic trace elements (Cu, As, Pb, Cr, Cd, Zn and Ni); and (3) ecotoxicological evaluation with Vibrio fischeri, Thamnocephalus platyurus, Daphnia magna, and Heterocypris incongruens. Total trace element concentrations indicated that As, Cd, and Pb surpassed the Canadian levels for the protection of aquatic life, in most of Alqueva's sites. The results of the toxicity assessment showed that some locations induced acute and chronic toxicity in the species used. Further, the H. incongruens was the most sensitive species as far as the contamination found in the sediment is concerned, followed by the bacteria V. fischeri. This integrative approach, together with the water column quality assessment, allowed a comprehensive evaluation of the environmental quality of this strongly modified water body and will allow the implementation of remediation strategies to obtain a good ecological potential as proposed in the Water Framework Directive. SN - 1573-2983 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23990124/Integrated_environmental_assessment_of_freshwater_sediments:_a_chemical_and_ecotoxicological_approach_at_the_Alqueva_reservoir_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-013-9559-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -