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Posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide risk among veterans: a literature review.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013 Sep; 201(9):802-12.JN

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is frequently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Suicide is an important cause of death in veterans, and the risk for intentional death continues to be high many years after service. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between PTSD and suicidal behavior among veterans. We also discussed the risk factors of suicide among war veterans with PTSD. A systematic review was conducted focusing on war-related PTSD and suicidal behavior. A total of 80 articles from peer-reviewed journals were identified, 34 were assessed for eligibility, and 16 were included. Having a history of PTSD is associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality and increased the risk for suicidal behavior. The association between PTSD and suicidal behavior was confirmed by the presence of other risk factors and high rates of comorbidity. Current suicidal behavior should be adequately assessed in war veterans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy. maurizio.pompili@uniroma1.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23995037

Citation

Pompili, Maurizio, et al. "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Suicide Risk Among Veterans: a Literature Review." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 201, no. 9, 2013, pp. 802-12.
Pompili M, Sher L, Serafini G, et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide risk among veterans: a literature review. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013;201(9):802-12.
Pompili, M., Sher, L., Serafini, G., Forte, A., Innamorati, M., Dominici, G., Lester, D., Amore, M., & Girardi, P. (2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide risk among veterans: a literature review. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 201(9), 802-12. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182a21458
Pompili M, et al. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Suicide Risk Among Veterans: a Literature Review. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2013;201(9):802-12. PubMed PMID: 23995037.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide risk among veterans: a literature review. AU - Pompili,Maurizio, AU - Sher,Leo, AU - Serafini,Gianluca, AU - Forte,Alberto, AU - Innamorati,Marco, AU - Dominici,Giovanni, AU - Lester,David, AU - Amore,Mario, AU - Girardi,Paolo, PY - 2013/9/3/entrez PY - 2013/9/3/pubmed PY - 2013/10/29/medline SP - 802 EP - 12 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. VL - 201 IS - 9 N2 - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is frequently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Suicide is an important cause of death in veterans, and the risk for intentional death continues to be high many years after service. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between PTSD and suicidal behavior among veterans. We also discussed the risk factors of suicide among war veterans with PTSD. A systematic review was conducted focusing on war-related PTSD and suicidal behavior. A total of 80 articles from peer-reviewed journals were identified, 34 were assessed for eligibility, and 16 were included. Having a history of PTSD is associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality and increased the risk for suicidal behavior. The association between PTSD and suicidal behavior was confirmed by the presence of other risk factors and high rates of comorbidity. Current suicidal behavior should be adequately assessed in war veterans. SN - 1539-736X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23995037/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder_and_suicide_risk_among_veterans:_a_literature_review_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182a21458 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -