[Immunogenicity of recombinant proteins including ectodomain of M2 influenza virus A].Vopr Virusol. 2013 May-Jun; 58(3):21-5.VV
Two recombinant proteins with three copies of the ectodomain of the conserved influenza protein M2 (M2e) of influenza viruses were developed: A (H1N1)pdm09, A/Kurgan/05/05 (H5N1), and M2e consensus sequence of the human influenza A virus (H1N1, H2N2, H3N2) based on flagellin and core antigen of hepatitis B (HBc). The first recombinant protein comprised flagellin fused to three tandem copies of M2e, the second preparation was based on non-covalent interaction between M2e peptides and HBc. The immunogenicity of two preparations was comparatively tested. A covalent linkage of flagellin with M2e significant increased the immunogenicity of the target antigen compared with non-covalent interaction M2e and HBc. Flagellin as a protein carrier of M2e induced mainly IgG1 subclass, whereas HBc stimulated more balanced Th1/Th2 response. Our study showed a decrease in the viral titers in lung tissues of immunized mice after lethal challenge of A/PR/8/34 (H1N1). The study revealed a possibility to obtain a vaccine preparation with equal immunogenicity both against human influenza viruses and highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses.